Relationship Between Improvement in Insulin Secretion and Decrease in HbA1c in GLP-1 RA Therapy in T2DM Patients

Who is this study for? Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
What treatments are being studied? GLP-1 Receptor Agonist
Status: Recruiting
Location: See location...
Intervention Type: Drug
Study Type: Interventional
Study Phase: Phase 4

GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) is group of antidiabetic agents very effective in lowering the plasma glucose concentration in T2DM patients . Currently there are several agents approved for the treatment of T2DM which are classified into two groups: (1) short acting GLP-1 RA and include exenatide BID and lexisenatide, and (2) long acting agents which are given once daily or weekly injection and include liraglutide, semaglutide, dulaglutide and budyreon . Clinical studies have demonstrated that long acting GLP-1 RA (e.g. liraglutide, bydureon and dulaglutide) produce 1.5% reduction in the HbA1c , which was significantly greater than that caused by other classes of antidiabetic agents (e.g. DPP4 inhibitors, and SGLT2 inhibitors). Members of this class of drugs exert multiple metabolic actions in T2DM. They potentiate insulin-stimulated insulin secretion from the beta cell , inhibit glucagon secretion from the alpha cells and inhibit appetite and promote weight loss. Together, these metabolic actions of GLP-1 RA contribute to the improvement in glucose metabolism and decrease in HbA1c. Although GLP-1 RA produce a robust mean decrease in HbA1c ( 1.5%), the magnitude of decrease in HbA1c in the individual patient vary considerably. Clinical studies showed that approximately one third of T2DM patients receiving GLP-1 RA experience very modest to no decrease in the HbA1c while another third of patients experience a robust decrease in the HbA1c. the reason for this large variability in the individual response to GLP-1 RA is unknown. Studies which attempted to identify possible clinical predictors that distinguish between good responders and poor responders have failed to identify clinical parameter that can predict the magnitude of decrease in HbA1c by GLP-1 RA in T2DM patients. Because of the central role of beta cell function in the regulation of plasma glucose concentration, the study investigators hypothesis that varying degree of beta cell response to GLP-1 RA action is the principal factor responsible for the large variability in the decrease in HbA1c by GLP-1 RA. The aim of the present study is to test this hypothesis.

Participation Requirements
Sex: All
Minimum Age: 21
Maximum Age: 75
Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

• age 21-75 years

• BMI=18-45 kg/m2

• HbA1c >7.% and <14.0%

• Subjects must be on stable antihyperglycemic therapy during the 3 months prior to enrolment.

• Good general health as determined by physical exam, medical history, blood chemistries, CBC, TSH, T4, lipid profile.

• Stable body weight (± 3 lbs) over the preceding three months

• Not participate in an excessively heavy exercise program.

Other Locations
Dasman Diabetes Institute
Contact Information
Ebaa AlOzairi, Md, PhD
+965 22242999
Smitha Abraham
+965 22260005
Time Frame
Start Date: March 1, 2020
Estimated Completion Date: July 15, 2023
Target number of participants: 315
Experimental: Arm 1
Treatment with GLP-1 RA
Ebaa AlOzairi
Leads: Dasman Diabetes Institute

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