Understanding the Metabolic and Functional Derangement of Primary Mitral Regurgitation: a Feasibility Study Using C-11 Acetate Cardiac PET-MRI
The aim of this pilot imaging study is to investigate the underlying changes in myocardial oxidative metabolism, myocardial inflammation and alterations in extracellular volume in patients with chronic compensated moderate-severe primary mitral regurgitation (PMR). The PET tracer [11C] acetate will be used to image and quantify myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) in hearts of the study participants. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) using a gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) will be performed to assess for and quantify expansion of myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) and myocardial inflammation. We will enroll a total of 12 participants, nine of whom will be patients with chronic, compensated asymptomatic moderate-severe PMR evaluated at the UAB Cardiovascular Disease and Structural Valve Clinic and three normal control subjects.
• At least 18 years of age.
• Patients with chronic, asymptomatic, compensated PMR evaluated in the UAB Structural Valve Clinic OR Normal controls identified from a normal aged matched population.
• Negative urine or serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg) test within 48 hours of [11C] acetate administration in women of childbearing potential. Women who are post-menopausal with at least 1 year since last menses or documented surgical sterilization will not require pregnancy testing.