Pacing Affects Cardiovascular Endpoints in Patients With Right Bundle-Branch Block (The PACE-RBBB Trial)

Status: Terminated
Location: See all (2) locations...
Intervention Type: Device
Study Type: Interventional
Study Phase: Not Applicable
SUMMARY

Heart failure (HF) affects 5 million Americans and is responsible for more health-care expenditure than any other medical diagnosis. Approximately half of all HF patients have electrocardiographic prolongation of the QRS interval and ventricular dyssynchrony, a perturbation of the normal pattern of ventricular contraction that reduces the efficiency of ventricular work. Ventricular dyssynchrony is directly responsible for worsening HF symptomatology in this subset of patients. Resynchronization of ventricular contraction is usually achieved through simultaneous pacing of the left and right ventricles using a biventricular (BiV) pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Clinical trial evidence supporting the use of BiV pacing in patients with prolonged QRS duration was obtained almost exclusively in patients with a left bundle-branch block (LBBB) electrocardiographic pattern. Recent evidence suggests that resynchronization of ventricular contraction in patients with LBBB can be obtained by univentricular left ventricular pacing with equal or superior clinical benefits compared to BiV pacing. Animal studies suggest that ventricular resynchronization can be obtained in subjects with right bundle-branch block (RBBB) through univentricular right ventricular pacing. No clinical trial evidence exists to support the use of BiV pacing in patients with RBBB. Thousands of patients with symptomatic HF and RBBB currently have univentricular ICDs in place for the prevention of sudden cardiac death. Most of these devices are currently programmed to avoid RV pacing. We aim to determine if ventricular resynchronization delivered through univentricular RV pacing improves symptoms in patients with RBBB and moderate to severe HF who have previously undergone BiV ICD implantation for symptomatic heart failure. We further aim to determine if ventricular resynchronization improves myocardial performance and ventricular geometry as detected by echocardiographic measures and quality of life for patients with HF and RBBB. We hypothesize that RV univentricular pacing delivered with an atrio-ventricular interval that maximizes ventricular synchrony is equivalent to BiV pacing for improvement in cardiac performance, HF symptoms, and positive ventricular remodeling in patients with HF and RBBB.

Eligibility
Participation Requirements
Sex: All
Minimum Age: 18
Healthy Volunteers: No
View:

• Cardiomyopathy of either idiopathic or ischemic etiology

• NYHA class III, or IV symptoms

• Sinus rhythm

• QRS complex duration > 130 msec in ≥ 2 surface ECG leads with RBBB

• PR interval > 150 msec and < 240 msec

• Prior implantation of dual chamber BiV ICD with apical RV lead location

Locations
United States
North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham
Durham VA Medical Center
Durham
Time Frame
Start Date: January 2011
Completion Date: August 2014
Participants
Target number of participants: 16
Treatments
Experimental: VVI-40 to RV DDD-40 to Bi-V DDD-40
Period 1: Participants assigned to VVI-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 2. Period 2: Participants assigned to RV DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 3. Period 3: Participants assigned to Bi-V DDD-40
Experimental: VVI-40 to Bi-V DDD-40 to RV DDD-40
Period 1: Participants assigned to VVI-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 2. Period 2: Participants assigned to Bi-V DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 3. Period 3: Participants assigned to RV DDD-40
Experimental: Bi-V DDD-40 to VVI-40 to RV DDD-40
Period 1: Participants assigned to Bi-V DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 2. Period 2: Participants assigned to VVI-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 3. Period 3: Participants assigned to RV DDD-40
Experimental: Bi-V DDD-40 to RV DDD-40 to VVI-40
Period 1: Participants assigned to Bi-V DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 2. Period 2: Participants assigned to RV DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 3. Period 3: Participants assigned to VVI-40
Experimental: RV DDD-40 to VVI-40 to Bi-V DDD-40
Period 1: Participants assigned to RV DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 2. Period 2: Participants assigned to VVI-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 3. Period 3: Participants assigned to Bi-V DDD-40
Experimental: RV DDD-40 to Bi-V DDD-40 to VVI-40
Period 1: Participants assigned to RV DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 2. Period 2: Participants assigned to Bi-V DDD-40 Participants will then Crossover to Period 3. Period 3: Participants assigned to VVI-40
Related Therapeutic Areas
Sponsors
Collaborators: American Heart Association
Leads: Duke University

This content was sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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