PET/CT Imaging of Malignant Brain Tumors With a Novel Radioiodinated Phospholipid Ether Analogue 124I-NM404

Status: Completed
Location: See location...
Intervention Type: Drug
Study Type: Observational

The purpose of this study is to evaluate diagnostic imaging techniques using 124I-NM404 PET/CT in humans with brain metastases and GBMs. This goal will be accomplished by determining the optimal PET/CT protocol and comparing PET tumor uptake to MRI and calculating tumor dosimetry. A future aim of this study will be to compare non-invasive PET/CT and MRI findings with pathological specimens, which is the gold standard but is invasive and impractical in many cases, to determine the sensitivity and specificity of both techniques for accurately detecting tumor infiltration. The data obtained from this study will be used to develop larger diagnostic and therapeutic trials in brain tumors. The long-term goals of this research are to improve the diagnosis and treatment of malignant brain tumors by using radioiodinated NM404.

Participation Requirements
Sex: All
Minimum Age: 18
Healthy Volunteers: No

• Participants will have a contrast enhanced brain MRI which documents evidence of GBM or metastatic brain tumor

• Tumor size at least 1.5 cm in greatest axial dimension on MRI. MRI must be obtained within 2 months of study inclusion

• Female patients must not be pregnant or breast feeding and both women of childbearing potential, and men, must use appropriate means of contraception and must be maintained for at least 45 days after injection of I-124 NM404. Participants must not attempt to become pregnant during this time

• Platelet count must be ≥ 160,000/µl, Hematocrit must be ≥ 22%, Leukocyte count must be ≥ 3,000/µL, Creatinine must be ≤ 2.5 mg/dL, ALT must be ≤ 130 U/L, AST must be ≤ 100 U/L, and urine or serum pregnancy test must be negative for pregnancy

• Karnofsky score ≥ 60

• For brain metastases patients: targeted brain therapy (radiation or drug) must have concluded ≥2 months prior to injection of 124I-NM404

• For GBM tumors confirmed by surgical biopsy or suspected by MRI: no previous surgical resection (except for biopsy) or systemic or radiation therapy targeted to the GBM tumor -

United States
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Time Frame
Start Date: December 2011
Completion Date: May 17, 2016
Target number of participants: 19
I124-NM404 brain metastases or GBM imaging
determining appropriate imaging timepoints. Image at 6 hour, 24 hour and 48 hour post injection of I-124NM404
Collaborators: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Leads: University of Wisconsin, Madison

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