Efficacy of Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Block Techniques: A Comparison Between Intraoperative Surgeon Administration by Direct Visualization vs Image Guided Administration by Anesthesiologist, a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial
The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a regional anesthesia technique where local anesthetic is injected into the neurovascular plane between the transversus abdominis and internal oblique muscles. The TAP block has been shown to provide postoperative analgesia following abdominal surgery.There are many methods to administer local anesthetic into the transversus abdominus plane to provide post-operative analgesia. The more prevalent method is for an anesthesia provider to inject local anesthetic into the plane using ultrasound guidance, before surgery or after the conclusion of surgery. Alternatively, a surgeon can administer the local anesthetic during the operation without additional time or expense using direct laparoscopic visualization. We propose to compare the two methods for non-inferiority, in the context of an established enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program. Non-inferiority being established by no demonstrable difference in post-operative narcotic requirements and equivalent average pain scores.
• all consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection in the division of colorectal surgery from March 2016 and April 2018 were eligible.
• Over 18 years old
• Intellect sufficient to sign consent, interpret analog pain scale