Inpatient rehabilitation outcomes for patients receiving left ventricular assist device.

Journal: American Journal Of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients participating in inpatient rehabilitation program after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation.

Methods: Medical records of 94 patients who received LVADs between January 1, 2008, and June 30, 2010, at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, were retrospectively reviewed for demographic data, and inpatient rehabilitation functional outcomes were measured by the Functional Independence Measure scale.

Results: After successful implantation of LVAD, the patients were either discharged directly home from acute care (44%) or admitted to inpatient rehabilitation (56%). The patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation were older than those discharged home. They were also more medically complex and more likely to have the LVAD placed as destination therapy. At discharge, significant improvement occurred in 17 of the 18 activities evaluated by the Functional Independence Measure scale. The mean total Functional Independence Measure scale score at admission was 77.1 compared with a score of 95.2 at discharge (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: Approximately half of the patients who received LVAD therapy were admitted in the inpatient rehabilitation. After the implantation of LVAD and inpatient rehabilitation, significant functional improvements were observed. Further studies addressing the role of inpatient rehabilitation for LVAD patients are warranted.

Osama Alsara, Ronald Reeves, Mary Pyfferoen, Tamra Trenary, Deborah Engen, Merri Vitse, Stacy Kessler, Sudhir Kushwaha, Alfredo Clavell, Randal Thomas, Francisco Lopez Jimenez, Soon Park, Carmen Perez Terzic
Relevant Conditions

Heart Failure

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