Migration percentage and odds of recurrence/subsequent surgery after treatment for hip subluxation in pediatric cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis and systematic review.
Objective: This meta-analysis aims to systematically assess and quantitatively pool the best clinical evidence for migration percentage (MP) and odds ratio (OR) for recurrence/reoperation following treatment for hip subluxation in children with cerebral palsy (CP), including Botulinum Toxin A (BNT-A), soft-tissue lengthening and osteotomies.
Methods: Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane were systematically searched from between 1 January 1953 and 11 January 2017 inclusive for studies reporting resubluxation/reoperation rates, and/or MP following treatment for hip subluxation in children with CP. The primary outcome was odds of resubluxation/reoperation. The secondary outcome was change in MP. Studies were graded for quality using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale. This meta-analysis was performed and reported in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines.
Results: A total of 14 studies were included in analysis of odds of resubluxation/reoperation and 24 studies were included in analysis of MP. The OR for resubluxation/reoperation was lower for combined osteotomies compared with femoral (OR = 0.49; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.25 to 0.98) and for femoral osteotomy compared to soft-tissue procedures (OR = 0.20; 95% CI 0.07 to 0.61). There was no difference in odds of recurrence/reoperation between pelvic and femoral osteotomies (OR = 2.27; 95% CI 0.37 to 13.88). Combined osteotomies provided the greatest improvement in MP, while BoNT-A showed no improvement in MP.
Conclusions: Resubluxation/reoperation rates are high; management with osteotomies is preferred to soft-tissue procedures alone in preventing resubluxation/reoperation. This meta-analysis is limited by the observational nature and small sample sizes of many of the included studies, with their inherent risk of bias and lack of homogeneity of patient characteristics at baseline. It is possible that with larger and higher quality studies, the results and conclusions of this analysis may be altered.