Comparison of Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Gallium-68 Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography for Detecting Carcinoma Prostate in Patients with Serum Prostate-Specific Antigen between 4 and 20 ng/ml.

Journal: Indian Journal Of Nuclear Medicine : IJNM : The Official Journal Of The Society Of Nuclear Medicine, India

Background: We carried out this study to compare the diagnostic accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and gallium-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography (Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT) to detect prostatic carcinoma in patients with serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) between 4 and 20 ng/ml in prebiopsy setting.

Methods: This prospective study evaluated men with serum PSA values between 4 and 20 ng/ml. All patients underwent mpMRI and Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT, followed by 12-core transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided biopsy to detect prostatic carcinoma. The diagnostic accuracy of mpMRI and PSMA PET/CT scan was compared with histopathological findings.

Results: There were thirty patients included in the study with a median age of 73 years (age range: 69-79 years). The median total serum PSA was 8.0 ng/ml (5.0-19.9 ng/ml). Of these, 18 had an identifiable lesion on imaging and had histopathological findings suggestive of carcinoma prostate. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of mpMRI were 100%, 92.30%, 94.73%, and 100%, respectively, and that of PSMA PET scan were 94.44%, 100%, 100%, and 92.31%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of both was 96.67%.

Conclusions: PSMA PET scan showed higher PPV and specificity while mpMRI showed higher sensitivity and NPV. The accuracy in predicting presence of carcinoma was the same for both. PSMA PET showed higher specificity and PPV and predicted the subsequent need of biopsy. In our study, the NPV of PET, though good, was lower than mpMRI. Prospective trials with larger sample size are needed. In combination, PET/MRI may achieve greater accuracy and may serve as investigation of choice.

Brijesh Soni, Priyanka Verma, Amit Shah, Rajendra Singh, Sunita Sonawane, Ramesh Asopa

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