Non-pharmacologic and Mindful-Based Approaches for Pediatric Headache Disorders: a Review.

Journal: Current Pain And Headache Reports

Objective: Headache disorders in children and adolescents are common. Among the different headache disorders, migraine and tension headache are highly prevalent and often debilitating. Pharmacological treatments for pediatric patients are often not approved or effective. Practice guidelines for prevention of pediatric headache and migraine are now incorporating information and recommendations regarding non-pharmacologic therapeutic options. Understanding the mechanism of action, safety, and efficacy of the non-pharmacologic as well as mindful-based therapeutic alternatives currently available for the management and treatment of headache and migraine may allow additional treatment alternatives for children with these conditions.

Results: Studies have been published looking at non-pharmacologic treatments, and mindful-based approaches, namely relaxation, mindfulness meditation, yoga, and hypnosis as options for the treatment of headache and migraine, although there are few that examine these in children and adolescents. Several recent studies that have relevance to the care of children with headache and migraine are reviewed. Non-pharmacologic and mindful-based approaches for the prevention and treatment of headache and migraine in children show safety and efficacy data that is promising. Consider incorporating these multi-modal approaches into the therapeutic management strategies for the child or adolescent with headache and migraine. Additional prospective studies and/or randomized-controlled trials are necessary to further assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of these methods.

Reena Rastogi, Tava Arnold, Clarimar Borrero Mejias, Eric Hastriter, Carolyn Hickman, Kavitha Karnik, Kara Lewis, Robert Little
Relevant Conditions

Headache, Migraine, Tension Headache