Characteristics of laterality in the optic nerve head microcirculation obtained by laser speckle flowgraphy in healthy subjects.
Objective: To determine the characteristics of the laterality of the ocular microcirculation parameters obtained from laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) in the optic nerve head (ONH).
Methods: We reanalyzed a total of 240 healthy subjects (169 men, 71 women) who had participated in a medical checkup program. We analyzed the average mean blur rate (MBR), maximum MBR (Max-MBR), minimum MBR (Min-MBR), and area ratio of the blood stream (ARBS). As the pulse waveform parameters, we also calculated the skew, blowout score (BOS), blowout time (BOT), rising rate, falling rate, flow acceleration index (FAI), acceleration time index (ATI), resistivity index (RI), and beat strength over MBR (BOM). All parameters were compared between left and right eyes.
Results: MBR-average, MBR-Max, MBR-Min, ARBS, skew, BOT, rising rate, falling rate, FAI, ATI, and ARBS did not differ significantly between the right and left eyes. The BOS in the right eyes was significantly lower than that of the left eyes, and the RI and BS in the right eyes were significantly higher than those of the left eyes. Similarly, for the whole of the ONH, the BOS in the tissue area (Tissue) and in the vessel area (Vessel) of the right eyes were significantly lower than those of the left eyes, and RI-Tissue, RI-Vessel, BOM-Tissue, and BOM-Vessel in the right eyes were significantly higher than those of the left eyes.
Conclusions: By using LSFG, we observed laterality of the BOS, RI, and BOM, all of which are pulse wave form parameters in the ONH.