Decreasing Colectomy Rates in Advanced Adenomas.

Journal: The American Surgeon

Advanced colon adenomas are commonly treated with colectomy, which is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Novel endoscopic resection techniques have been described, including endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal resection (ESR), which demonstrate promise in treating these neoplasms without colectomy. We performed a retrospective review of patients with advanced adenomas who were referred to a colorectal surgeon for evaluation for resection over 4 years. 40 of 46 (87%) of these patients underwent a successful endoscopic resection. 10 of 46 (21.6%) patients ultimately underwent an operation for a variety of reasons: inability to resect endoscopically (n = 6), invasive cancer on the excised specimen (n = 2), complication of procedure (n = 1), colectomy after polyp recurrence (n = 1). Our study demonstrates EMR and ESD offers an alternative to colectomy in appropriately selected patients with a high success rate. As more surgeons learn advanced endoscopic techniques, there is potential to decrease colectomy rates in benign disease.

Joseph Mack, Luke Couch, Brandon Chapman, G Hyde, W Giles, J Stanley
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