Synthesis of naturally occurring β-l-arabinofuranosyl-l-arabinofuranoside structures towards the substrate specificity evaluation of β-l-arabinofuranosidase.
Methyl β-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 2)-, -(1 → 3)-, and -(1 → 5)-α-l-arabinofuranosides have been stereoselectively synthesized through 2-naphthylmethyl ether-mediated intramolecular aglycon delivery (NAP-IAD), whose β-linkages were confirmed by NMR analysis on the 3JH1-H2 coupling constant and 13C chemical shift of C1. The NAP-IAD approach was simply extended for the synthesis of trisaccharide motifs possessing β-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 5)-l-arabinofuranosyl non-reducing terminal structure with the branched β-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 5)-[α-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 3)]-α-l-arabinofuranosyl and the liner β-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 5)-β-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 5)-β-l-arabinofuranosyl structures in olive arabinan and dinoflagellate polyethers, respectively. The results on the substrate specificity of a bifidobacterial β-l-arabinofuranosidase HypBA1 using the regioisomers indicated that HypBA1 could hydrolyze all three linkages however behaved clearly less active to β-(1 → 5)-linked disaccharide than other two regioisomers including the proposed natural degradation product, β-(1 → 2)-linked one from plant extracellular matrix such as extensin. On the other hand, Xanthomonas XeHypBA1 was found to hydrolyze all three disaccharides as the substrate with higher specificity to β-(1 → 2)-linkage than bifidobacterial HypBA1.