Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery during embolization of bilateral chronic subdural hematomas.
Summary/AbstractMiddle meningeal artery embolization has become an important treatment option for chronic subdural hematomas. While the treatment is safe, we present a unique case of development of an iatrogenic middle meningeal artery pseudoaneurysm during endovascular embolization with use of a dual-lumen balloon catheter used for injection of a liquid embolic agent. A 62-year-old man on Coumadin for portal vein thrombosis presented to the hospital with headache and supratherapeutic INR. Imaging revealed bilateral acute on chronic subdural hematomas. Given his medical comorbidities he underwent endovascular middle meningeal artery embolization. During the embolization, angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery related to use of a dual-lumen balloon catheter. This pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with ethylene vinyl alcohol embolization. Intracranial pseudoaneurysm related to balloon catheter use is a rare cause of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm and could lead to life-threatening intracranial bleeding. Therefore, recognition and timely treatment are important.