When is transanal endoscopic surgery appropriate?
Rectal cancer is a complex medical diagnosis which requires critical decision-making on the part of physician and patient. Organ preservation with local excision for early stage rectal cancer, if done under the correct circumstances, allows for oncologically sound surgery with good patient outcomes. However, locally advanced disease as well as tumor location and size can change potential long-term outcomes. This article will investigate the technical and clinical aspects of transanal surgery and the decision-making algorithms for clinicians and patients.