Retinal and optic nerve magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging in acute non-arteritic central retinal artery occlusion.

Journal: Journal Of Stroke And Cerebrovascular Diseases : The Official Journal Of National Stroke Association

Objective: Diffusion weighted imaging hyperintensity (DWI-H) has been described in the retina and optic nerve during acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). We aimed to determine whether DWI-H can be accurately identified on standard brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in non-arteritic CRAO patients at two tertiary academic centers.

Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study that included all consecutive adult patients with confirmed acute non-arteritic CRAO and brain MRI performed within 14 days of CRAO. At each center, two neuroradiologists masked to patient clinical data reviewed each MRI for DWI-H in the retina and optic nerve, first independently then together. Statistical analysis for inter-rater reliability and correlation with clinical data was performed.

Results: We included 204 patients [mean age 67.9±14.6 years; 47.5% females; median time from CRAO to MRI 1 day (IQR 1-4.3); 1.5 T in 127/204 (62.3%) and 3.0 T in 77/204 (37.7%)]. Inter-rater reliability varied between centers (κ = 0.27 vs. κ = 0.65) and was better for retinal DWI-H. Miss and error rates significantly differed between neuroradiologists at each center. After consensus review, DWI-H was identified in 87/204 (42.6%) patients [miss rate 117/204 (57.4%) and error rate 11/87 (12.6%)]. Significantly more patients without DWI-H had good visual acuity at follow-up (p = 0.038).

Conclusions: In this real-world case series, differences in agreement and interpretation accuracy among neuroradiologists limited the role of DWI-H in diagnosing acute CRAO on standard MRI. DWI-H was identified in 42.6% of patients and was more accurately detected in the retina than in the optic nerve. Further studies are needed with standardized novel MRI protocols.

Matthew Boyko, Oana Dumitrascu, Amit Saindane, Joseph Hoxworth, Ranliang Hu, Tanya Rath, Wesley Chan, Alexis Flowers, Ehab Harahsheh, Parth Parikh, Omer Elshaigi, Benjamin Meyer, Nancy Newman, Valérie Biousse
Relevant Conditions

Retinal Artery Occlusion, Stroke

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