Spontaneous Volumetric Tumor Regression During Wait-and-Scan Management of 952 Sporadic Vestibular Schwannomas.

Journal: Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication Of The American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [And] European Academy Of Otology And Neurotology
Published:
Abstract

Objective: Spontaneous tumor shrinkage during wait-and-scan management of sporadic vestibular schwannoma is generally considered an uncommon phenomenon. However, most data informing this understanding stem from single-slice linear tumor measurements taken in the axial imaging plane. The objective of the current work was to characterize the regression capacity of sporadic vestibular schwannomas using volumetric tumor measurements. Study

Design: Retrospective cohort study using slice-by-slice, three-dimensional volumetric tumor measurements. Setting: Three tertiary referral centers. Patients: Patients with sporadic vestibular schwannoma. Interventions: Wait-and-scan. Main outcome measures: Regression-free survival rates with regression defined as a decrease of at least 20% of the tumor volume.

Results: Among 952 patients undergoing a total of 3,505 magnetic resonance imaging studies during observation, 123 experienced volumetric tumor regression after diagnosis at a median of 1.2 years (interquartile range, 0.6-2.9 yr). Volumetric regression-free survival rates (95% confidence interval; number still at risk) at 1, 3, and 5 years after diagnosis were 94% (92-95%; 662), 86% (83-89%; 275), and 78% (73-82%; 132), respectively. Among 405 patients who demonstrated an initial period of tumor growth but continued wait-and-scan management, 48 experienced volumetric regression at a median of 1.2 years (interquartile range, 0.8-2.6 yr) after initial growth. Volumetric regression-free survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years after initial growth were 94% (92-97%; 260), 84% (79-89%; 99), and 75% (67-83%; 43), respectively. Ultimately, only 82 of the 952 patients studied showed exclusively volumetric tumor regression (i.e., without any periods of tumor growth) by the time of last follow-up.

Conclusion: Spontaneous volumetric tumor shrinkage during wait-and-scan management occurs more frequently than suggested by previous studies using linear tumor measurements and can even occur after previous episodes of documented tumor growth. These data further highlight the dynamic nature of vestibular schwannoma growth. To this end, the application of natural history data to patient management requires a nuanced approach that parallels the complex tumor behavior of vestibular schwannoma.

Authors
John Marinelli, Daniel Killeen, Zane Schnurman, Ashley Nassiri, Jacob Hunter, Katherine Lees, Christine Lohse, Thomas Roland, John Golfinos, Douglas Kondziolka, Michael Link, Matthew Carlson

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