Progressive increase of the mosaic level for 45,X in 45,X/46, XX at different amniocenteses and postnatal progressive decrease of the 45,X cell line in a mosaic 45,X/46, XX fetus with a favorable outcome.

Journal: Taiwanese Journal Of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Published:
Abstract

Objective: We present progressive increase of the mosaic level for 45,X in 45,X/46, XX at different amniocenteses and postnatal progressive decrease of the 45,X cell line in a mosaic 45,X/46, XX fetus with a favorable outcome.

Methods: A 35-year-old, primigravid woman underwent amniocentesis at 16 weeks of gestation because of the advanced maternal age. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 45,X [6]/46,XX [14]. Among 20 colonies of cultured amniocytes, six colonies had a karyotype of 45,X, whereas the other 14 colonies had a karyotype of 46,XX. Simultaneous array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) on uncultured amniocytes revealed the result of arr [GRCh37] (X) × 1 [0.42] (1-22) × 2. Prenatal ultrasound findings were unremarkable. Repeat amniocentesis at 33 weeks of gestation revealed a karyotype of 45,X [13]/46,XX [7]. Among 20 colonies of cultured amniocytes, 13 colonies had a karyotype of 45,X, whereas the other seven colonies had a karyotype of 46,XX. Simultaneous interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis on 100 uncultured amniocytes revealed that 44 cells had monosomy X consistent with 44% mosaicism for 45,X, whereas the rest cells had disomy X. At 38 weeks of gestation, a 2675-g phenotypically normal female baby was delivered. The karyotypes of cord blood, umbilical cord and placenta were 45,X [12]/46,XX [28], 45,X [12]/46,XX [28] and 46,XX [40/40], respectively. When follow-up at age three months, the neonate was normal in development. The karyotypes of peripheral blood was 45,X [4]/46,XX [36], and interphase FISH analysis on 100 buccal mucosal cells showed monosomy X in 11 cells consistent with 11% mosaicism for 45,X, whereas the rest cells had disomy X.

Conclusions: Progressive increase of the mosaic level for 45,X in 45,X/46, XX at different amniocenteses can be associated with a favorable outcome and postnatal progressive decrease of the 45,X cell line.

Relevant Conditions

Intersex, Turner Syndrome, Mosaicism