Intracranial Solitary Fibrous Tumor/Hemangiopericytoma Treated with Microsurgical Resection: Retrospective Cohort Analysis of a Single-Center Experience.

Journal: Therapeutics And Clinical Risk Management
Published:
Abstract

To provide benchmarks for further studies of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) of the central nervous system (CNS), we investigated the association of baseline demographic, clinico-pathologic, and treatment factors with outcomes in those treated at our center. We conducted a retrospective, cohort analysis of patients treated for SFT/HPC at the University of Washington 1990-2020. Kaplan-Meier and univariable Cox analyses assessed relationships between baseline variables and local or global CNS recurrence, extraneural recurrence, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Among 34 eligible patients, median duration of follow-up was 79 months (range 13-318 months). Local and global CNS recurrence occurred at a median of 81 m (95% CI 48-151) and 81 m (95% CI 47-112), respectively. Extraneural metastases occurred at a median 248 m (95% CI 180-Not Reached) and only in grade 3 tumors. Median PFS and OS were 76 months (95% CI: 47-109 months) and 210 months (95% CI 131-306 months), respectively. Univariable Cox analyses showed that age at diagnosis was associated with local (p = 0.01) and global CNS relapse (p = 0.01), and PFS (p = 0.03). Gross total resection was associated with decreased local or global CNS relapse (p = 0.02) and improved PFS (p = 0.03); peri-operative radiation was associated with decreased local CNS relapse (p = 0.02). Following microsurgical resection of SFT/HPC, CNS relapse is common and associated with age, extent of resection, and adjuvant radiation. Extraneural relapse occurs in some patients. Delayed time-to-initial relapse justifies prolonged surveillance, but optimal approaches have not been defined.

Authors
Shreya Swaminathan, Jacob Ruzevick, Vyshak Venur, Lia Halasz, Jason Rockhill, Luis Gonzalez Cuyar, Lee Cranmer, Manuel Ferreira Jnr