HotBalloon Pulmonary Vein Isolation Registry Study - Real-World Efficacy and Safety of HotBalloon Ablation.

Journal: Circulation Journal : Official Journal Of The Japanese Circulation Society

Background: Radiofrequency hotballoon (RHB) is an ablation device used for atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment. The efficacy and safety of RHB-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in real-world practice are unknown.Methods and 

Results: A multicenter, prospective registry study (UMIN000029567) enrolled AF patients who underwent RHB-PVI. The primary endpoint was the AF recurrence-free survival rate at 12 months after PVI. Of the 679 patients enrolled, 613 (90.3%; paroxysmal AF, n=370; persistent AF, n=136; long-standing AF, n=107) underwent initial RHB-PVI. Acute isolation using only the RHB was successful for 55.6% of patients and 83.5% of pulmonary veins (PVs). The acute isolation rate was higher for patients with paroxysmal AF and more experienced centers. Antiarrhythmic drugs were prescribed after 3 months for 47.5% of patients. The AF recurrence-free survival rate at 12 months was 83.7%. Procedure-related complications including atrio-esophageal fistula (n=1) and phrenic nerve injury (persistent; n=4, permanent; n=2) were observed in 19 (3.1%) patients. Five (1.7%) of the 302 patients who underwent pre-procedural and post-procedural multidetector computed tomography had severe PV stenosis.

Conclusions: The size-adjustable RHB has been used for the treatment of various AF types. The arrhythmia recurrence-free rate at 12 months, with the use of antiarrhythmic drugs in approximately half of the patients, was acceptable, but the acute isolation rate using the RHB requires further improvement.

Relevant Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation