Incidence of ionized hypomagnesemia in adult patients undergoing noncardiac major surgery: a prospective observational trial

Journal: Magnesium Research

Background: The present study aimed to investigate the incidence of preoperative ionized hypomagnesemia and compare with that of total hypomagnesemia.

Methods: This prospective observational study included 536 patients aged >20 years who were scheduled for elective surgery. Total and ionized magnesium levels were evaluated before and after the surgery. Based on these levels, patients were classified into the following groups: ionized hypo- (<0.42 mmol/L), normo- (0.42-0.59 mmol/L) and hypermagnesemia (>0.59 mmol/L), as well as total hypo- (<1.9 mg/dL[0.78 mmol/L]), normo- (1.9-2.7 mg/dL[0.78-1.11 mmol/L]) and hypermagnesemia (>2.7 mg/dL [1.11 mmol/L]). The primary objective was to establish the incidence of preoperative ionized hypomagnesemia.

Results: There was a marked difference between the incidence of preoperative ionized and total hypomagnesemia (28% vs. 19%; p<0.001). The postoperative values of ionized magnesium, ionized calcium, and albumin were significantly lower than the respective preoperative values (p<0.001 for all three variables).

Conclusion: The incidence of hypomagnesemia, determined by ionized magnesium concentration, was higher than that determined by total magnesium concentration.

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