Prompt Agalsidase Alfa Therapy Initiation is Associated with Improved Renal and Cardiovascular Outcomes in a Fabry Outcome Survey Analysis.
Summary: This study tested the safety and efficacy of using agalsidase alpha therapy to treat patients with Fabry disease.
Conclusion: The study found that prompt treatment resulted in better renal and cardiovascular outcomes.
Background: The timing of enzyme replacement therapy initiation in patients with Fabry disease is hypothesized to be critical. In this study, we used Fabry Outcome Survey data to assess the impact of prompt versus delayed initiation of treatment with agalsidase alfa on cardiovascular and renal events in patients with Fabry disease.
Methods: Available genetic data at baseline were used to define patients with mutations associated with classical versus late-onset Fabry disease. Time to cardiovascular or renal events, from treatment initiation until 120 months, was compared for patients in prompt versus delayed groups. "Prompt" was defined as treatment initiation <24 months from symptom onset (analysis A) or diagnosis (analysis B), and "delayed" was defined as ≥24 months from symptom onset (analysis A) or diagnosis (analysis B). Kaplan-Meier curves and Log rank tests compared event-free probabilities and time to first event. Multivariate Cox regression estimated hazard ratios (HRs).
Results: Analysis by time from symptom onset included 1374 patients (172 prompt, 1202 delayed). In a multivariate Cox regression analysis, prompt versus delayed treatment initiation significantly reduced the probability of cardiovascular (HR=0.62; P<0.001) and renal (HR=0.57; P=0.001) events. History of cardiovascular or renal events was associated with increased risk of respective events. Analysis by time from diagnosis included 2051 patients (1006 prompt, 1045 delayed). In a multivariate Cox regression analysis, prompt treatment initiation significantly reduced the probability of cardiovascular events (HR=0.83; P=0.003) after adjusting for history of cardiovascular events, sex, and age at treatment initiation. Univariate analysis showed that the probability of renal events was significantly lower in the prompt group (P=0.018); this finding was attenuated in the multivariate Cox regression analysis.
Conclusions: This analysis suggests that prompt treatment initiation with agalsidase alfa provided better renal and cardiovascular outcomes than delayed treatment in patients with Fabry disease.