Alcoholic liver disease is damage to the liver and its function due to alcohol abuse.
Liver disease due to alcohol; Cirrhosis or hepatitis - alcoholic; Laennec's cirrhosis
Alcoholic liver disease occurs after years of heavy drinking. Over time, scarring and cirrhosis can occur. Cirrhosis is the final phase of alcoholic liver disease.
Alcoholic liver disease does not occur in all heavy drinkers. The chances of getting liver disease go up the longer you have been drinking and more alcohol you consume. You do not have to get drunk for the disease to happen.
The disease is common in people between 40 and 50 years of age. Men are more likely to have this problem. However, women may develop the disease after less exposure to alcohol than men. Some people may have an inherited risk for the disease.
There may be no symptoms, or symptoms may come on slowly. This depends on how well the liver is working. Symptoms tend to be worse after a period of heavy drinking.
Early symptoms include:
As liver function worsens, symptoms may include:
Some things you can do to help take care of your liver disease are:
MEDICINES FROM YOUR DOCTOR
When cirrhosis progresses to end-stage liver disease, a liver transplant may be needed. Liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease is only considered in people who have completely avoided alcohol for 6 months.
A Singal is a Gastroenterologist in Birmingham, Alabama. Dr. Singal has been practicing medicine for over 39 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is also highly rated in 43 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hepatitis, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Cirrhosis, and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. He is board certified in Internal Medicine and licensed to treat patients in Alabama. Dr. Singal is currently accepting new patients.
Mohammad Siddiqui is a Gastroenterologist in Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Siddiqui has been practicing medicine for over 17 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is also highly rated in 28 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, and Liver Transplant. He is board certified in Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine and licensed to treat patients in Virginia. Dr. Siddiqui is currently accepting new patients.
Rohit Loomba is a Gastroenterologist in San Diego, California. Dr. Loomba has been practicing medicine for over 23 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is also highly rated in 44 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Cirrhosis, and Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is board certified in Gastroenterology and licensed to treat patients in California and Maryland. Dr. Loomba is currently accepting new patients.
Many people benefit from joining support groups for alcoholism or liver disease.
Alcoholic liver disease is treatable if it is caught before it causes severe damage. However, continued excessive drinking can shorten your lifespan.
Cirrhosis further worsens the condition and can lead to serious complications. In case of severe damage, the liver cannot heal or return to normal function.
Complications may include:
Contact your provider if you:
Get emergency medical help right away if you have:
Talk openly to your provider about your alcohol intake. The provider can counsel you about how much alcohol is safe for you.
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Chalasani NP. Alcoholic and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 143.
Haines EJ, Oyama LC. Disorders of the liver and biliary tract. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 80.
Hübscher SG. Alcohol-induced liver disease. In: Saxena R, ed. Practical Hepatic Pathology: A Diagnostic Approach. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 24.