Learn About Alcoholic Cirrhosis

What is the definition of Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Alcoholic liver disease is damage to the liver and its function due to alcohol abuse.

Digestive system organs
Save information for later
Sign Up
What are the alternative names for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Liver disease due to alcohol; Cirrhosis or hepatitis - alcoholic; Laennec's cirrhosis

What are the causes of Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Alcoholic liver disease occurs after years of heavy drinking. Over time, scarring and cirrhosis can occur. Cirrhosis is the final phase of alcoholic liver disease.

Alcoholic liver disease does not occur in all heavy drinkers. The chances of getting liver disease go up the longer you have been drinking and more alcohol you consume. You do not have to get drunk for the disease to happen.

The disease is common in people between 40 and 50 years of age. Men are more likely to have this problem. However, women may develop the disease after less exposure to alcohol than men. Some people may have an inherited risk for the disease.

What are the symptoms of Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

There may be no symptoms, or symptoms may come on slowly. This depends on how well the liver is working. Symptoms tend to be worse after a period of heavy drinking.

Early symptoms include:

  • Loss of energy
  • Poor appetite and weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Belly pain
  • Small, red spider-like blood vessels on the skin

As liver function worsens, symptoms may include:

  • Fluid buildup of the legs (edema) and in the abdomen (ascites)
  • Yellow color in the skin, mucous membranes, or eyes (jaundice)
  • Redness on the palms of the hands
  • In men, impotence, shrinking of the testicles, and breast swelling
  • Easy bruising and abnormal bleeding
  • Confusion or problems thinking
  • Pale or clay-colored stools
Not sure about your diagnosis?
Check Your Symptoms
What are the current treatments for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

LIFESTYLE CHANGES

Some things you can do to help take care of your liver disease are:

  • Stop drinking alcohol.
  • Eat a healthy diet that is low in salt.
  • Get vaccinated for diseases such as influenza, hepatitis A and hepatitis B, and pneumococcal pneumonia.
  • Talk to your provider about all medicines you take, including herbs and supplements and over-the-counter medicines.

MEDICINES FROM YOUR DOCTOR

  • "Water pills" (diuretics) to get rid of fluid buildup
  • Vitamin K or blood products to prevent excess bleeding
  • Medicines for mental confusion
  • Antibiotics for infections

OTHER TREATMENTS

  • Endoscopic treatments for enlarged veins in the esophagus (esophageal varices)
  • Removal of fluid from the abdomen (paracentesis)
  • Placement of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to repair blood flow in the liver

When cirrhosis progresses to end-stage liver disease, a liver transplant may be needed. Liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease is only considered in people who have completely avoided alcohol for 6 months.

Who are the top Alcoholic Cirrhosis Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
43
conditions
Gastroenterology

Ashwani Singai Birmingham Office

Birmingham, AL 

A Singal is a Gastroenterologist in Birmingham, Alabama. Dr. Singal has been practicing medicine for over 39 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is also highly rated in 43 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hepatitis, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Cirrhosis, and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. He is board certified in Internal Medicine and licensed to treat patients in Alabama. Dr. Singal is currently accepting new patients.

Elite
Highly rated in
28
conditions
Gastroenterology

VCU Medical Center Main Hospital

Richmond, VA 

Mohammad Siddiqui is a Gastroenterologist in Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Siddiqui has been practicing medicine for over 17 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is also highly rated in 28 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, and Liver Transplant. He is board certified in Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine and licensed to treat patients in Virginia. Dr. Siddiqui is currently accepting new patients.

 
 
 
 
Learn about our expert tiers
Learn more
Elite
Highly rated in
44
conditions
Gastroenterology

La Jolla 4510 Executive Dr

San Diego, CA 

Rohit Loomba is a Gastroenterologist in San Diego, California. Dr. Loomba has been practicing medicine for over 23 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is also highly rated in 44 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Cirrhosis, and Alcoholic Cirrhosis. He is board certified in Gastroenterology and licensed to treat patients in California and Maryland. Dr. Loomba is currently accepting new patients.

What are the support groups for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Many people benefit from joining support groups for alcoholism or liver disease.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Alcoholic liver disease is treatable if it is caught before it causes severe damage. However, continued excessive drinking can shorten your lifespan.

Cirrhosis further worsens the condition and can lead to serious complications. In case of severe damage, the liver cannot heal or return to normal function.

What are the possible complications of Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Complications may include:

  • Bleeding disorders (coagulopathy)
  • Buildup of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) and infection of the fluid (bacterial peritonitis)
  • Enlarged veins in the esophagus, stomach, or intestines that bleed easily (esophageal varices)
  • Increased pressure in the blood vessels of the liver (portal hypertension)
  • Kidney failure (hepatorenal syndrome)
  • Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma)
  • Mental confusion, change in the level of consciousness, or coma (hepatic encephalopathy)
When should I contact a medical professional for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Contact your provider if you:

  • Develop symptoms of alcoholic liver disease
  • Develop symptoms after a long period of heavy drinking
  • Are worried that drinking may be harming your health

Get emergency medical help right away if you have:

  • Abdominal or chest pain
  • Abdominal swelling or ascites that is new or suddenly becomes worse
  • A fever (temperature greater than 101°F, or 38.3°C)
  • Diarrhea
  • New confusion or a change in alertness, or it gets worse
  • Rectal bleeding, vomiting blood, or blood in the urine
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting more than once a day
  • Yellowing skin or eyes (jaundice) that is new or gets worse quickly
How do I prevent Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Talk openly to your provider about your alcohol intake. The provider can counsel you about how much alcohol is safe for you.

Digestive system
Liver anatomy
Fatty liver - CT scan
What are the latest Alcoholic Cirrhosis Clinical Trials?
Prognostic Value of Liver Volume on Acute Decompensation of Alcoholic Cirrhosis, a Prospective Multicenter Observational Study
Match to trials
Find the right clinical trials for you in under a minute
Get started
Prevalence and Predictors of Hepatic Steatosis in Persons Living With HIV
What are the Latest Advances for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?
Tacrolimus-induced neurotoxicity from bipolar disorder to status epilepticus under the therapeutic serum level: a case report.
Reagent-dependent pseudo-prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time.
Tired of the same old research?
Check Latest Advances
Advanced Glycation End-Products in Common Non-Infectious Liver Diseases: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
What are our references for Alcoholic Cirrhosis?

Carithers RL, McClain CJ. Alcoholic liver disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 86.

Chalasani NP. Alcoholic and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 143.

Haines EJ, Oyama LC. Disorders of the liver and biliary tract. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 80.

Hübscher SG. Alcohol-induced liver disease. In: Saxena R, ed. Practical Hepatic Pathology: A Diagnostic Approach. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 24.