Photobiomodulation Therapy With Different Wavebands for Hair Loss: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Summary: This review of the literature assessed the effect of photobiomodulation therapy for patients with hair loss.
Conclusion: For patients with hair loss, photobiomodulation therapies are effective.
Background: Photobiomodulation is a promising therapy for hair loss with negligible side effects. However, the reported effects of photobiomodulation therapy for hair loss are inconsistent.
Objective: To assess the curative effect of photobiomodulation therapy for the treatment of hair loss.
Methods: A systematic review of self-controlled studies and randomized controlled trials was conducted. ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Wiley Online Library were searched from the earliest date to May 30, 2021.
Results: Thirty-six studies (966 patients) were included. Two to 4 meta-analyses with different indices were performed separately on 4 groups of studies to test the effectiveness of the following hair loss treatments: ultraviolet light for alopecia areata (AA), red light for androgenetic alopecia (AGA), infrared light for AA, and infrared light for AGA. All meta-analyses showed that treatments were superior to control ( p < .05).
Conclusions: The meta-analyses strongly suggested that photobiomodulation therapies with ultraviolet and infrared light were effective for treating AA, and photobiomodulation therapies with red light and infrared light were effective for treating AGA.