Catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in patients with dextrocardia and situs inversus.

Journal: Journal Of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Treatment Used: Cardiac Ablation
Number of Patients: 10
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: This study tested the safety and efficacy of using cardiac ablation to treat patients with supraventricular tachycardia with dextrocardia and situs inversus.

Conclusion: The study found that catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia is safe and feasible. Differences in catheter maneuver and projection, along with difficulties in distorted anatomy are major obstacles for successful ablation.

Abstract

Background: Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare cardiac positional anomaly. Catheter ablation procedures performed in this set of patients have not been sufficiently reported.

Methods: A total of 10 patients with dextrocardia and situs inversus who received catheter ablation for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) were included from a cohort of over 20 000 cases of catheter ablation for SVT in three centers from 2005 to 2016. All patients underwent electrophysiologic study and catheter ablation of SVT. Ablation targets were selected based on different tachycardia mechanisms with the primary endpoint of noninduction of tachycardia.

Results: The average age was 32.4 ± 5.6 years. Congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (TGA) with situs inversus and D-looping of the ventricles and aorta (congenitally corrected TGA {I,D,D}) was found in four patients, while the other six patients exhibited mirror-image dextrocardia {I,L,L}. The mechanisms of SVT were atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in four patients, atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia in three, typical atrial flutter in one, intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia in one, and focal atrial tachycardia in one. Immediate procedural success was achieved in 9 out of 10 patients with no procedural complications. During a follow-up period of 6.3 ± 3.5 years on average, all patients remained free from recurrent tachycardia.

Conclusions: For patients with dextrocardia and situs inversus, catheter ablation of SVT is safe and feasible. Differences in catheter maneuver and fluroscopy projection, along with difficulties in distorted anatomy are major obstacles for successful ablation.

Authors
Gong-bu Zhou, Jian Ma, Jin-lin Zhang, Xiao-gang Guo, Jian-du Yang, Shu-wang Liu, Fei-fan Ouyang

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