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Curative effect of progressively integrated sandplay therapy on core symptoms and sleep management in preschool children with mild-to-moderate autism spectrum disorder

Treatment Used: Progressively Integrated Sand Play Therapy
Number of Patients: 50
MediFind Summary

Overview: This study explored the curative effect of progressively integrated sand play therapy on core symptoms and sleep management in preschool children with mild-to-moderate autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Conclusion: Progressively integrated sand play therapy can effectively improve the core symptoms and sleep quality of preschool children with mild-to-moderate autism spectrum disorder, which can be used as an early rehabilitation measure.

Abstract

Objective: To explore the curative effect of progressively integrated sandplay therapy on core symptoms and sleep management in preschool children with mild-to-moderate autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Methods: A total of 50 mild-to-moderate ASD preschool children were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=25) and a control group (n=25). The control group was treated with structured teaching and auditory integration training (AIT). Based on these, the experimental group was treated with progressively integrated sandplay therapy. The Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Children Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), Children's Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ) and emotion recognition tools were used to evaluate the overall curative effect before treatment and 3 months after treatment.

Results: The experimental group had significantly lower scores of feeling, social interaction, somatic motor, language factor, total ABC and total CARS than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had also significantly lower scores of social cognition, social communication, social motivation, autistic behavior factor and total SRS than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had a significantly higher accurate rate of recognition of the upper facial expression and lower facial expression than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had significantly lower scores of bedtime resistance, sleep onset, sleep duration, night waking, daytime sleepiness, and total CSHQ than the control group (P<0.05). The experimental group had significantly reduced themes of wounding and significantly increased themes of healing after sandplay therapy (P<0.05).

Conclusions: Progressively integrated sandplay therapy can effectively improve the core symptoms and sleep quality of preschool children with mild-to-moderate ASD, which can be used as an early rehabilitation measure.

Authors
Gui-hua Liu, Long-sheng Huang, Qin-fang Qian, Yan-xia Wang, Pin Ge
Relevant Conditions

Autism Spectrum Disorder

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