Organizing pneumonia in ALK+ lung adenocarcinoma treated with ceritinib: A case report and literature review.

Journal: Medicine
Treatment Used: Ceritinib and Prednisone
Number of Patients: 1
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: This case report describes a patient with ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma who developed organizing pneumonia (OP) treated with ceritinib and prednisone.

Conclusion: A patient with ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma who developed organizing pneumonia was successfully treated with ceritinib and prednisone

Abstract

Background: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors have been approved for patients with ALK-rearrangement lung cancer. The effect is superior to the standard first-line therapy of pemetrexed plus platinum-based chemotherapy. However, ALK inhibitors are associated with rare and sometimes fatal adverse events. Organizing pneumonitis (OP) is a rare and serious adverse event usually caused by ceritinib, and it is easily misdiagnosed as infectious pneumonia, metastasis, or cancer progression.

Methods: A 56-year-old female presented with chest tightness and dyspnea for more than 10 days. She was previously healthy with no significant medical history. Workup including chest computed tomography (CT), pathological examination of a biopsy specimen, and next-generation sequencing was consistent with a diagnosis of IVA ALK-rearrangement lung adenocarcinoma. She was treated with pemetrexed plus platinum-based chemotherapy and crizotinib concurrently, followed by maintenance therapy with crizotinib alone and she had an almost complete response. However, about 26 months after beginning treatment she developed multiple brain metastases. Crizotinib was discontinued and she was begun on ceritinib. After about 3 months the brain metastases had almost complete response. After 5 months of ceritinib, however, multiple patchy lesions appeared in the bilateral upper lungs. Methods: Treatment with antibiotics had no effect and blood and sputum cultures are negative. A CT-guided biopsy of the upper lung was performed, and pathological hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemical studies were consistent with OP. Methods: Ceritinib was discontinued, she was begun on prednisone 0.5 mg/kg orally every day, and regular follow-up is necessary.

Results: CT of the chest 2 and 4 weeks after beginning prednisone showed the lung lesions to be gradually resolving, and she was continued on prednisone for 2 months and gradually reduced the dose of prednisone every 2 weeks. No related adverse events were occurred in patient.

Conclusions: OP must be differentiated from infectious pneumonia, metastasis, or cancer progression. The mechanism of OP is still unknown and needs further research. Biopsy plays a role in making a diagnosis of OP. In our patient, discontinuing ceritinib and treating her with prednisone resulted in a good outcome.

Authors
Yonghui Wu, Huiguo Chen, Jiexia Guan, Kai Zhang, Weibin Wu, Xiaojun Li, Jian Zhang

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