Learn About Bunions

What is the definition of Bunions?

A bunion forms when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump to appear on the inside edge of your toe.

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What are the alternative names for Bunions?

Hallux valgus

What are the causes of Bunions?

Bunions are more common in women than men. The problem can run in families. People born with abnormal alignment of the bones in their feet are more likely to form a bunion.

Wearing narrow-toed, high-heeled shoes may lead to the development of a bunion.

The condition may become painful as the bump gets worse. Extra bone and a fluid-filled sac can grow at the base of the big toe.

What are the symptoms of Bunions?

Symptoms may include:

  • Red, thickened skin along the inside edge at the base of the big toe.
  • A bony bump at the first toe joint, with decreased movement in the toe site.
  • Pain over the joint, which pressure from shoes makes worse.
  • Big toe turned toward the other toes and may cross over the second toe. As a result, corns and calluses often develop where the first and second toes overlap.
  • Difficulty wearing regular shoes.

You may have problems finding shoes that fit or shoes that do not cause pain.

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What are the current treatments for Bunions?

When a bunion first begins to develop, you can do the following to care of your feet.

  • Wear wide-toed shoes. This can often solve the problem and prevent you from needing more treatment.
  • Wear felt or foam pads on your foot to protect the bunion, or devices called spacers to separate the first and second toes. These are available at drugstores.
  • Try cutting a hole in a pair of old, comfortable shoes to wear around the house.
  • Talk to your provider about whether you need inserts to correct flat feet.
  • Stretch the calf muscle of your leg to have better alignment of your feet.
  • If the bunion gets worse and more painful, surgery may help. The surgery bunionectomy realigns the toe and removes the bony bump. There are more than 100 different surgeries to treat this condition.
Who are the top Bunions Local Doctors?
Highly rated in
Podiatric Medicine

Banner Health

Foot & Ankle Center Of Northern Colorado PC, Colorado Health Neighborhoods

1931 65th Ave 
Greeley, CO 80634

Daniel Hatch is a Podiatric Medicine doctor in Greeley, Colorado. Dr. Hatch has been practicing medicine for over 44 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Bunions. He is also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Bunions, Metatarsus Adductus, Metatarsalgia, and Ledderhose Disease. He is licensed to treat patients in Colorado. Dr. Hatch is currently accepting new patients.

Highly rated in
Podiatric Surgery

JW Ruby Memorial Hospital

1 Medical Center Dr 
Morgantown, WV 26506

Robert Santrock is an Orthopedics specialist and a Podiatric Surgeon in Morgantown, West Virginia. Dr. Santrock has been practicing medicine for over 20 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Bunions. He is also highly rated in 10 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Bunions, Flat Feet, Claw Foot, and Plantar Fasciitis. He is licensed to treat patients in South Carolina, Ohio, and West Virginia. Dr. Santrock is currently accepting new patients.

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Highly rated in
Podiatric Medicine

UnityPoint Health Fort Dodge

Trinity Wound Healing Center Fort Dodge

802 Kenyon Rd 
Fort Dodge, IA 50501

Paul Dayton is a Podiatric Medicine doctor in Fort Dodge, Iowa. Dr. Dayton has been practicing medicine for over 34 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Bunions. He is also highly rated in 3 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Metatarsus Adductus, Bunions, Plantar Fasciitis, and Hammer Toe. He is licensed to treat patients in Iowa. Dr. Dayton is currently accepting new patients.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Bunions?

You can keep a bunion from worsening by taking care of it. Try to wear different shoes when it first starts to develop.

Teenagers may have more trouble treating a bunion than adults. This may be the result of an underlying bone problem.

Surgery reduces the pain in many, but not all people with bunions. After surgery, you may not be able to wear tight or fashionable shoes.

When should I contact a medical professional for Bunions?

Call your provider if the bunion:

  • Continues to cause pain, even after self-care such as wearing wide-toed shoes
  • Prevents you from doing your usual activities
  • Has any signs of infection (such as redness or swelling), especially if you have diabetes
  • Worsening pain that is not relieved by rest
  • Prevents you from finding a shoe that fits
  • Causes stiffness and loss of movement in your big toe
How do I prevent Bunions?

Avoid compressing the toes of your foot with narrow, poor-fitting shoes.

Bunion removal - Series
What are the latest Bunions Clinical Trials?
Prospective Clinical StuDy of Tri-planar Tarsometatarsal (TMT) ArthroDesIs With Early WeiGht-BeariNg After Lapiplasty ProcDure (ALIGN3D)
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Dimensional Validation of the Hallux Valgus Orthosis
What are the Latest Advances for Bunions?
3rd generation MICA with the "K-wires-first technique" - a step-by-step instruction and preliminary results.
A Clinician-Free Method Using Top-View Photography for Screening and Monitoring Hallux Valgus.
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Using Google Trends to Identify Seasonal Variation in Foot and Ankle Pathology.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : July 08, 2020
Published By : C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Greisberg JK, Vosseller JT. Hallux valgus. In: Greisberg JK, Vosseller JT, eds. Core Knowledge in Orthopaedics: Foot and Ankle. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:56-63.

Murphy GA. Disorders of the hallux. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, Canale ST, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 81.

Wexler D, Campbell ME, Grosser DM. Kile TA. Bunion and bunionette. In: Frontera, WR, Silver JK, Rizzo TD Jr, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 84.