Overview: In this study, researchers compared the effectiveness of simultaneous femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with intrastromal arcuate keratotomy (ISAK) versus Toric intraocular Lens Impantation with conventional phacoemulsification for the treatment of astigmatism.
Conclusion: It was found that both treatments were similarly safe and effective.
Background: To compare the efficacies in astigmatic correction of simultaneous femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with intrastromal arcuate keratotomy (ISAK) versus toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with conventional phacoemulsification in moderate astigmatism.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients who had undergone cataract surgery by one surgeon. We identified patients with preoperative corneal astigmatism from + 0.75 to + 2.00 diopters (D) who had undergone astigmatic correction with FLACS with ISAK or toric IOL implantation with conventional phacoemulsification. We measured the visual acuity, intraocular pressure, automated keratometer, manifest refraction, and topography preoperatively and 1-day, 1-month, 3-month, and 6-month postoperatively. The vector analysis of refractive astigmatism was performed.
Results: Of a total of 48 eyes of 48 patients, 27 eyes of 27 patients had FLACS with ISAK (AK group), and 21 eyes of 21 patients had conventional cataract surgery with toric IOL implantation (toric IOL group). Refractive astigmatism was significantly decreased in both groups. The mean preoperative and 6-month postoperative refractive astigmatism were 1.85 ± 1.07 and 0.99 ± 0.51 D, respectively, in the AK group (P = 0.028), and 1.84 ± 0.81 and 0.68 ± 0.21 D, respectively, in the toric IOL group (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in refractive astigmatism between the two groups at 6-month postoperatively (0.99 ± 0.51 vs 0.68 ± 0.21 D, P = 0.057). At 6-month postoperatively, parameters for vector analysis of refractive astigmatism showed no statistical difference between the two groups. Corneal astigmatism was significantly decreased in the AK group. Corneal astigmatism from topography and the automated keratometer were significantly lower in the AK group 6-month postoperatively compared to toric IOL group (0.94 ± 0.40 vs. 1.53 ± 0.46 D, P = 0.018 for topography; and 0.98 ± 0.69 vs. 1.37 ± 0.41 D, P = 0.032 for the automated keratometer).
Conclusions: FLACS with ISAK could be an effective procedure for reducing astigmatism as well as toric IOL implantation in cataract surgery.