Efficacy Analysis of Robot-Assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery for Small-Volume Spontaneous Thalamic Hemorrhage.
Summary: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of robot-assisted surgery in patients with small-volume thalamic hemorrhage (i.e. excessive bleeding in the thalamus area of the brain).
Conclusion: Robot-assisted drainage of excessive bleeding in the thalamus area of the brain can improve prognosis and reduce the incidence of pneumonia and kidney dysfunction.
Objective: To test whether robot-assisted surgery can improve prognosis of small-volume thalamic hemorrhage and to provide a surgical basis for treatment of small-volume thalamic hemorrhage.
Methods: This retrospective study included patients with thalamic hemorrhage and hematoma volume of 5-15 mL treated from December 2015 to December 2018. Patients were divided into an operation group and a nonoperation group. General data, types of hematoma, incidence of complications, Scandinavian Stroke Scale score, and modified Rankin Scale score were recorded and analyzed.
Results: Retrospectively, 84 cases met inclusion criteria: 35 cases in operation group and 49 cases in nonoperation group. At 90 days after onset, mortality was 11.4% in the operation group and 4.1% in the nonoperation group (P > 0.05). The Scandinavian Stroke Scale score in the operation group (43.3 ± 8.5) was higher than in the nonoperation group (36.1 ± 10.0) (P < 0.05). The modified Rankin Scale score in the operation group (2.9 ± 0.3) was lower than in the nonoperation group (3.7 ± 0.2) (P < 0.05). The incidence of pneumonia (8.6%) and renal dysfunction (14.3%) was lower in the operation group than in the nonoperation group (28.6% and 34.7%, respectively) (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of central fever (5.7% vs. 12.2%), stress ulcer (11.4% vs. 16.3%), and ion balance disturbance (20.0% vs. 26.5%) (P > 0.05).
Conclusions: Robot-assisted drainage of thalamic hemorrhage can improve prognosis and reduce the incidence of pneumonia and renal dysfunction.