The Efficacy and Safety of Hepatic Arterial Infusion Chemotherapy Based on FOLFIRI for Advanced Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma as Second-Line and Successive Treatment: A Real-World Study.

Journal: Canadian Journal Of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Treatment Used: Hepatic Arterial Infusion Chemotherapy (HAIC) Based on FOLFIRI
Number of Patients: 9
MediFind Summary

Summary: This study explored the effects of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) based on FOLFIRI in the treatment of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer; iCCA).

Conclusion: In some patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer), treatment with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy based on FOLFIRI is safe and effective.


Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a primary liver malignancy with a poor prognosis and limited treatment. Cisplatin with gemcitabine is used as the standard first-line chemotherapy regimen; however, there is still no robust evidence for second-line and successive treatments. Although preliminary evidence suggests a vital role of precision therapy or immunotherapy in a subset of patients, the gene alteration rate is relatively low. Herein, we explored the second-line and successive treatments using hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) based on FOLFIRI after the failure of gemcitabine and platinum combined with target and immunotherapy in refractory CCAs. Advanced patients with iCCAs confirmed by diagnostic pathology, who progressed at least on a gemcitabine/platinum doublet and/or other systemic chemotherapy combined with target therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor, were included. All patients received infusional 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin with irinotecan (FOLFIRI) via HAIC until progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objective was the feasibility of treatment, with secondary objectives of disease control rate (DCR) and 6-month survival rate. A total of 9 iCCA patients treated between Dec 2020 and May 2021 were enrolled; 2 patients suffered from distant metastasis, while 7 had local lymph node metastasis and portal vein or hepatic vein invasion. HAIC was delivered as second-line therapy in 6/9 patients, while a third or successive therapy in 3/9 patients. The patients accepted an average of 2.90 ± 1.69 cycles of HAIC. The objective response rate was 22.2%; the disease control rate was 55.5% (5/9); median progression-free survival was 5 months; and 6-month survival rate was 66.7% (6/9). Our results provide preliminary evidence that HAIC based on FOLFIRI regimen is efficient and safe in some patients progressing after previous treatment. Therefore, HAIC may be a promising and valuable complementary therapy for advanced CCAs as a second-line and successive therapy. Otherwise, the combination of HAIC with precision medicine may improve clinical benefits (clinical registration number: 2021BAT4857).

Peixin Huang, Xiaoyong Huang, Yingting Zhou, Guohuan Yang, Qiman Sun, Guoming Shi, Yi Chen

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