Chondroblastoma of the patella with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst, an easily misdiagnosed bone tumor:a case report with literature review.

Journal: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Background: Chondroblastoma (CB) is a rare, primary, benign bone tumor that commonly affects men aged 15-20 years. It is usually detected in the epiphysis of the long bones, such as the proximal femur, humerus, and tibia. The patella is an infrequent site. CB with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is extremely rare in the patella, which can be easily confused with other common bone tumors of the patella. Thus, it is necessary to make the right diagnosis to get a good outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: We have presented here the case of a 30-year-old man who was suffering from anterior knee pain for the past 6 months that had aggravated 2 weeks before the presentation. Osteolytic bone destruction in the patella could be detected in both his X-ray and computed tomography (CT) examinations, while the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detected a fluid level. Accordingly, secondary ABC was presumed. We diagnosed the condition as giant cell tumor (GCT) with secondary ABC and, accordingly, performed curettage inside the focus region with autogenous bone grafting following the patient's medical history, physical manifestations, results of physical and ancillary examinations, and the disease characteristics. However, the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes indicated that the patient's histopathology was consistent with that of typical CB, suggesting a definitive error in diagnosis. Accordingly, the patient was finally diagnosed with patella CB along with secondary ABC.

Conclusions: Past studies have demonstrated that the 3 commonest bone tumors affecting the patella are GCT, CB, and ABC. CB with secondary ABC can be easily misdiagnosed as GCT with secondary ABC or ABC. Performing incision biopsy or excision biopsy and conducting histological examination may be the most effective method for suspected CB with secondary ABC.

Jianping Zheng, ingkui Niu, iandang Shi, u Zhang, i Zhu, iali Wang, hanghao Liu
Relevant Conditions

Bone Tumor, Chondroblastoma

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