Spontaneous spinal intradural hemorrhage in dengue fever: a case report.

Journal: Journal Of Medical Case Reports
Treatment Used: Corticosteroids and Surgery
Number of Patients: 1
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: This case report describes a 48-year-old Indian woman with spontaneous spinal cord hemorrhage in dengue fever treated with corticosteroids and surgery.

Conclusion: An Indian woman with spontaneous spinal cord hemorrhage in dengue fever treated with corticosteroids and surgery continued to have paraplegia.

Abstract

Background: Spontaneous spinal cord hemorrhage is extremely rare in dengue fever. We report a case of spontaneous spinal intradural hemorrhage in dengue fever associated with severe thrombocytopenia.

Methods: A 48-year-old Indian woman presented with fever and body aches followed by acute onset of paraplegia with bladder and bowel dysfunction and loss of sensations below the level of the umbilicus. She had severe thrombocytopenia and positive dengue serology. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine showed compression of the spinal cord due to intradural hematoma at the D7-D8 vertebral level. The patient received symptomatic treatment for dengue fever and steroids. Emergency D7-D8 laminectomy with excision of the clot and dural repair was done after stabilizing the platelet count with multiple platelet transfusions. The constitutional symptoms responded well to the treatment. There was good improvement in sensory symptoms but negligible improvement in paraplegia with a change in muscle power from grade 0/5 to grade 1/5 in the postoperative period. The patient was discharged from the hospital in a stable condition, but paraplegia showed little improvement during follow-up of 1 year.

Conclusions: Spontaneous spinal cord hemorrhage can present as acute paraplegia in dengue fever. Failure to recognize this complication can delay initiating appropriate treatment with permanent loss of neurologic function.

Authors
Rajeev Kaushik, Ranjit Kumar, Madhurima Kaushik, Manju Saini, Reshma Kaushik

Similar Latest Advances