Learn About Developmental Reading Disorder

What is the definition of Developmental Reading Disorder?

Developmental reading disorder is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.

It is also called dyslexia.

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What are the alternative names for Developmental Reading Disorder?

Dyslexia

What are the causes of Developmental Reading Disorder?

Developmental reading disorder (DRD) or dyslexia occurs when there is a problem in areas of the brain that help interpret language. It is not caused by vision problems. The disorder is an information processing problem. It does not interfere with thinking ability. Most people with DRD have normal or above-average intelligence.

DRD may appear with other problems. These can include developmental writing disorder and developmental arithmetic disorder.

The condition often runs in families.

What are the symptoms of Developmental Reading Disorder?

A person with DRD may have trouble rhyming and separating sounds that make up spoken words. These abilities affect learning to read. A child's early reading skills are based on word recognition. That involves being able to separate out the sounds in words and match them with letters and groups of letters.

People with DRD have trouble connecting the sounds of language to the letters of words. This may also create problems in understanding sentences.

True dyslexia is much broader than simply confusing or transposing letters. For example, mistaking a "b" and a "d."

In general, symptoms of DRD may include problems with:

  • Determining the meaning of a simple sentence
  • Learning to recognize written words
  • Rhyming words
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What are the current treatments for Developmental Reading Disorder?

A different approach is needed for each person with DRD. An individual education plan should be considered for each child with the condition.

The following may be recommended:

  • Extra learning assistance, called remedial instruction
  • Private, individual tutoring
  • Special day classes

Positive reinforcement is important. Many students with learning disabilities have poor self-esteem. Psychological counseling may be helpful.

Who are the top Developmental Reading Disorder Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
13
conditions
Neurology

University of California San Francisco Health System

Memory And Aging Center

1500 Owens St 
San Francisco, CA 94158

Zachary Miller is a Neurologist in San Francisco, California. Dr. Miller has been practicing medicine for over 18 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Developmental Reading Disorder. He is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Primary Progressive Aphasia, Developmental Reading Disorder, Frontotemporal Dementia, and Dementia. He is licensed to treat patients in California.

Elite
Highly rated in
15
conditions
Neurology

University of California San Francisco Health System

Memory And Aging Center

350 Parnassus Ave 
San Francisco, CA 94143

Maria Gorno-Tempini is a Neurologist in San Francisco, California. Dr. Gorno-Tempini has been practicing medicine for over 29 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Developmental Reading Disorder. She is also highly rated in 15 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Developmental Reading Disorder, Primary Progressive Aphasia, Dementia, and Frontotemporal Dementia. She is licensed to treat patients in California.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
2
conditions

University Of Oxford

Oxford, ENG, GB 

Margaret Snowling is in Oxford, United Kingdom. Snowling is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Developmental Reading Disorder. She is also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Developmental Reading Disorder, Auditory Processing Disorder, Syphilis, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Developmental Reading Disorder?

Specialized help (called remedial instruction) can help improve reading and comprehension.

What are the possible complications of Developmental Reading Disorder?

DRD may lead to:

  • Problems in school, including behavior problems
  • Loss of self-esteem
  • Reading problems that continue
  • Problems with job performance
When should I contact a medical professional for Developmental Reading Disorder?

Call your provider if your child appears to be having trouble learning to read.

How do I prevent Developmental Reading Disorder?

Learning disorders tend to run in families. It is important to notice and recognize the warning signs. The earlier the disorder is discovered, the better the outcome.

What are the latest Developmental Reading Disorder Clinical Trials?
App-delivered Therapy for Arabic Readers With Hemianopic Alexia
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Poly-unsaturated Fatty Acids and Developmental Dyslexia: Correlations With Cognitive Performance and Effects of Supplementation in Addition to Neuropsychological Treatment
What are the Latest Advances for Developmental Reading Disorder?
Entropy in Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System of Adolescents with General Learning Disabilities or Dyslexia.
Public misconceptions about dyslexia: The role of intuitive psychology.
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Detecting Phase-Synchrony Connectivity Anomalies in EEG Signals. Application to Dyslexia Diagnosis.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : February 02, 2021
Published By : Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Grajo LC, Guzman J, Szklut SE, Philibert DB. Learning disabilities and developmental coordination disorder. In: Lazaro RT, Reina-Guerra SG, Quiben MU, eds. Umphred's Neurological Rehabilitation. 7th ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2020:chap 12.

Kelly DP, Natale MJ. Neurodevelopmental and executive function and dysfunction. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 48.

Lawton AW, Wang MY. Lesions of retrochiasmal pathways, higher cortical function, and nonorganic visual loss. In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 9.13.

Sidhu R, O'Banion DD, Hall C. Autism and other neurodevelopmental disabilities. In: Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, Newman NJ, eds. Bradley and Daroff's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 90.