What is the definition of Folliculitis?

Folliculitis is inflammation of one or more hair follicles. It can occur anywhere on the skin.

What are the alternative names for Folliculitis?

Pseudofolliculitis barbae; Tinea barbae; Barber's itch

What are the causes for Folliculitis?

Folliculitis starts when hair follicles are damaged or when the follicle is blocked. For example, this may occur from rubbing against clothing or shaving. Most of the time, the damaged follicles become infected with staphylococci (staph) bacteria.

Barber's itch is a staph infection of the hair follicles in the beard area, usually the upper lip. Shaving makes it worse. Tinea barbae is similar to barber's itch, but the infection is caused by a fungus.

Pseudofolliculitis barbae is a disorder that occurs mainly in African American men. If curly beard hairs are cut too short, they may curve back into the skin and cause inflammation.

Folliculitis can affect people of all ages.

What are the symptoms for Folliculitis?

Common symptoms include a rash, itching, and pimples or pustules near a hair follicle in the neck, groin, or genital area. The pimples may crust over.

What are the current treatments for Folliculitis?

Hot, moist compresses may help drain the affected follicles.

Treatment may include antibiotics applied to the skin or taken by mouth, or an antifungal medicine.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Folliculitis?

Folliculitis often responds well to treatment, but it may come back.

What are the possible complications for Folliculitis?

Folliculitis may return or spread to other body areas.

When should I contact a medical professional for Folliculitis?

Apply home treatment and call your provider if your symptoms:

  • Come back often
  • Get worse
  • Last longer than 2 or 3 days

How do I prevent Folliculitis?

To prevent further damage to the hair follicles and infection:

  • Reduce friction from clothing.
  • Avoid shaving the area, if possible. If shaving is necessary, use a clean, new razor blade or an electric razor each time.
  • Keep the area clean.
  • Avoid contaminated clothing and washcloths.
Folliculitis - decalvans on the scalp
Folliculitis on the leg

REFERENCES

Dinulos JGH. Bacterial infections. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology: A Color Guide in Diagnosis and Therapy. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 9.

James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA, Neuhaus IM. Bacterial infections. In: James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach, MA, Neuhaus IM, eds. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 14.

James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA, Neuhaus IM. Diseases of the skin appendages. In: James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach, MA, Neuhaus IM, eds. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 33.

  • Condition: Cicatricial Alopecia
  • Journal: Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns
  • Treatment Used: follicle unit extraction transplantation combined with Recombinant Bovine Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor and Minoxidil
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
The aim of the study was to explore the clinical effects of follicle unit extraction (FUE) transplantation combined with recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (rb-bFGF) gel and minoxidil tincture in treating secondary cicatricial alopecia.
  • Journal: BMC infectious diseases
  • Published —
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease presenting in a patient with SARS-CoV-2: a case report.
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Phase: Phase 2
  • Intervention Type: Other, Drug
  • Participants: 100
  • Start Date: August 3, 2016
Double-blind, Phase II Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Lycopene vs Placebo to Reduce Skin Toxicity in Patients With Colorectal Carcinoma Treated With Panitumumab
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Intervention Type: Other
  • Participants: 100
  • Start Date: March 2, 2020
A Non-Interventional Pilot Study to Explore the Role of Gut Flora in Acne