Learn About Granuloma Annulare

What is the definition of Granuloma Annulare?

Granuloma annulare (GA) is a long-term (chronic) skin disease consisting of a rash with reddish bumps arranged in a circle or ring.

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What are the alternative names for Granuloma Annulare?

Pseudorheumatoid nodule - subcutaneous granuloma annulare; GA

What are the causes of Granuloma Annulare?

GA most often affects children and young adults. It is slightly more common in females.

The condition is usually seen in otherwise healthy people. Sometimes, it may be associated with diabetes or thyroid disease. The exact cause of GA is unknown.

What are the symptoms of Granuloma Annulare?

GA usually causes no other symptoms, but the rash may be slightly itchy.

People usually notice a ring of small, firm bumps (papules) over the backs of the forearms, hands, or feet. Occasionally, they may find a number of rings.

In rare cases, GA appears as a firm nodule under the skin of the arms or legs. In some cases, the rash spreads all over the body.

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What are the current treatments for Granuloma Annulare?

GA can resolve on its own. You may not need treatment for GA, except for cosmetic reasons. Very strong steroid creams or ointments are sometimes used to clear up the rash more quickly. Injections of steroids directly into the rings may also be effective. Some providers may choose to freeze the bumps with liquid nitrogen.

People with severe or widespread cases may need medicines that suppress the immune system. Laser and ultraviolet light therapy (phototherapy) may also help.

Who are the top Granuloma Annulare Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
34
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Dermatology

Penn Medicine

Perelman Center For Advanced Medicine

3400 Civic Center Blvd 
Philadelphia, PA 19104

Misha Rosenbach is a Dermatologist in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Rosenbach has been practicing medicine for over 18 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Granuloma Annulare. He is also highly rated in 34 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Granuloma Annulare, Acute Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis, Pyoderma Gangrenosum, and Cellulitis. He is licensed to treat patients in Pennsylvania. Dr. Rosenbach is currently accepting new patients.

Elite
Highly rated in
7
conditions
Dermatology

Yale New Haven Health System

Nathan Smith Clinic

15 York St 
New Haven, CT 6510

William Damsky is a Dermatologist in New Haven, Connecticut. Dr. Damsky has been practicing medicine for over 9 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Granuloma Annulare. He is also highly rated in 7 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Granuloma Annulare, Perniosis, Frostbite, and Atopic Dermatitis. He is licensed to treat patients in Connecticut. Dr. Damsky is currently accepting new patients.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
48
conditions

University Of Udine

Department Of Medicine 
Udine, IT 

Enzo Errichetti is in Udine, Italy. Errichetti is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Granuloma Annulare. He is also highly rated in 48 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Parapsoriasis, Pityriasis Lichenoides, Pityriasis Lichenoides Et Varioliformis Acuta, and Pityriasis Lichenoides Chronica.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Granuloma Annulare?

In most cases, GA disappears without treatment within 2 years. The rings can remain for many years. The appearance of new rings years later is not uncommon.

When should I contact a medical professional for Granuloma Annulare?

Call your provider if you notice ring-like bumps anywhere on your skin that do not go away within a few weeks.

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What are the Latest Advances for Granuloma Annulare?
A Young Boy With Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Presenting With Vaccine-Related Granulomatous Dermatitis: A Case Report and Literature Review.
A new paradigm for leprosy diagnosis based on host gene expression.
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Nivolumab-Induced Granuloma Annulare.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : April 10, 2020
Published By : Ramin Fathi, MD, FAAD, Director, Phoenix Surgical Dermatology Group, Phoenix, AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Dinulos JGH. Cutaneous manifestations of internal disease. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 26.

Patterson JW. The granulomatous reaction pattern. In: Patterson JW, ed. Weedon's Skin Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 8.