A solitary hemangioblastoma of the posterior brain fossa: the role of radiotherapy.

Journal: The Pan African Medical Journal
Treatment Used: Surgery and Photon Radiotherapy
Number of Patients: 1
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: In this case study, researchers evaluated the outcomes of surgical removal and photon radiotherapy for the treatment of a hemangioblastoma.

Conclusion: It was found that by following up a partial surgical removal of the hemangioblastoma with photon radiotherapy was as effective as completely removing the hemangioblastoma.

Abstract

We report here the case of a patient admitted for management of posterior fossa cerebral hemangioblastoma. A 16-year-old male patient with a history of intracranial hypertension syndrome consisting of progressively worsening headache, vomiting, especially morning and jet vomiting, and decreased visual acuity. The patient's symptomatology worsened a few days later with the appearance of a disturbance of balance with enlargement of the sustentation polygon. The patient initially benefited from a brain computed tomography (CT) scan that objectified a solidocystic process of the posterior brain fossa. The patient then underwent a surgical excision that was considered partial and the diagnosis of hemangioblastoma was made on the surgical specimen. Since the surgical removal was partial the patient was referred to our training where he received external radiotherapy on his hemangioblastoma of the posterior brain fossa. The patient was examined one month after the end of irradiation; he presented a spectacular improvement in his neurological symptomatology with a clear regression of balance disorders. The standard treatment for cerebellar hemangioblastoma is complete microsurgical removal, but our results show a high level of efficacy for fractional photon radiotherapy after partial surgery of this benign tumour.

Authors
Fatima Abboud, Moulay Youssoufi, Touria Bouhafa, Khalid Hassouni

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