Left Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation for Long QT Syndrome: 50 Years' Experience Provides Guidance for Management.

Journal: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Treatment Used: Left Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation
Number of Patients: 125
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: The study aimed to find the outcomes of left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) for long QT syndrome (LQTS).

Conclusion: Left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) can be safe and effective for long QT syndrome (LQTS).

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to report our single-center experience with left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) for long QT syndrome (LQTS) since 1973.

Background: LCSD is still underutilized because clinicians are often uncertain whether to use it versus an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).

Methods: We performed LCSD in 125 patients with LQTS (58% women, mean QT interval corrected for frequency [QTc] 527 ± 60 ms, 90% on beta blockers) with a follow-up of 12.9 ± 10.3 years. They were retrospectively divided into 4 groups according to the clinical/genetic status: very high risk (n = 18, symptomatic in the first year of life or with highly malignant genetics), with aborted cardiac arrest (ACA) (n = 31), with syncope and/or ICD shocks on beta blockers (n = 45), in primary prevention (n = 31).

Results: After LCSD, 17% in the very high risk group remained asymptomatic, compared with 52%, 47%, and 97% in the other 3 groups (P < 0.0001), with an overall 86% decrease in the mean yearly cardiac event rate (P < 0.0001). Among 45 patients with only syncope/ICD shocks before LCSD, none had ACA/sudden death as first symptom after LCSD and a 6-month post-LCSD QTc <500 ms predicted excellent outcome. Patients with a QTc ≥500 ms have a 50% chance of shortening it by an average of 60 ms. LCSD results are not affected by common genotypes.

Conclusions: We provide definitive evidence for the long-term efficacy of LCSD in LQTS. The degree of antiarrhythmic protection is influenced by patient's specificity and amount of QTc shortening. This novel approach to the analysis of the outcome allows cardiologists to rationally decide and tailor their management strategies to the individual features of their patients.

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