Short Review of Liposteroid: A Novel Targeted Glucocorticoid Preparation for Treatment of Autoimmune and Inflammatory Diseases.
Summary: The study researched the use of liposteroid in treating autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.
Conclusion: Liposteroid may have a beneficial effect in patients, who are critically ill due to COVID-19, and suffer from the macrophage activation syndrome.
This paper briefly reviews the safety and efficacy of liposteroid in different inflammatory and non-inflammatory diseases. Corticosteroids (CS) are the first-line therapy in many inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Although highly efficacious, long-term use of CS is limited due to the occurrence of significant side effects. Liposteroid, which is a liposomal formulation of dexamethasone palmitate, possess more potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties compared to dexamethasone sodium phosphate. These two formulations have markedly different lipid solubility, resulting in different pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Liposteroid has been used with success in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, macrophage activation syndrome, and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. In addition, liposteroid has been used in some non-inflammatory diseases. Moreover, we conceive that liposteroid may have a beneficial effect in patients, who are critically ill due to COVID-19, and suffer from the macrophage activation syndrome.