Learn About Infantile Low Calcium Level

What is the definition of Infantile Low Calcium Level?

Calcium is a mineral in the body. It is needed for strong bones and teeth. Calcium also helps the heart, nerves, muscles, and other body systems work well.

A low blood calcium level is called hypocalcemia. This article discusses low blood calcium level in infants.

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What are the alternative names for Infantile Low Calcium Level?

Hypocalcemia - infants

What are the causes of Infantile Low Calcium Level?

A healthy baby most often has very careful control of blood calcium level.

A low calcium level in the blood is more likely to occur in newborns, more commonly in those who were born too early (preemies). Common causes of hypocalcemia in a newborn include:

  • Certain medicines
  • Diabetes in the birth mother
  • Episodes of very low oxygen levels
  • Infection
  • Stress caused by serious illness

There are also some rare illnesses that can lead to low calcium level. These include:

  • DiGeorge syndrome, a genetic disorder.
  • The parathyroid glands help control calcium use and removal by the body. Rarely, a child is born with underactive parathyroid glands.
What are the symptoms of Infantile Low Calcium Level?

Babies with hypocalcemia often have no symptoms. Sometimes, babies with low calcium levels are jittery or have tremors or twitching. Rarely, they have seizures.

These babies may also have a slow heart rate and low blood pressure.

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What are the current treatments for Infantile Low Calcium Level?

The baby may get extra calcium, if needed.

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What is the outlook (prognosis) for Infantile Low Calcium Level?

Problems with low calcium level in newborns or premature infants most often do not continue long-term.

Hypocalcemia
What are the latest Infantile Low Calcium Level Clinical Trials?
Effect of Phototherapy on Serum Level of Calcium in Infants With Hyperbilirubinemia
Summary: Through this study our aim was to evaluate whether significant change in serum calcium level occurs in term newborns who are undergoing phototherapy and to find out the association between effect of phototherapy on serum calcium level and birth weight, postnatal age and type of feeding.
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A Randomized,Blind, Positive-controlled Phase I Clinical Trial to Preliminary Evaluate the Safety of DTcP Vaccine in Healthy Children Aged Between 2 Months and 6 Years
Summary: Pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus are seriously infectious diseases in children. Since using of the vaccine targeted the three components, it greatly reduced incidence of the three kinds of diseases. The Purpose of this study is to preliminary evaluate the safety of DTcP compared to adsorbed diphtheria and tetanus combined vaccine (DT),Diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine(DTaP) or PENTAX...
What are the Latest Advances for Infantile Low Calcium Level?
Neonatal seizures: A mother's blessing in disguise.
Summary: Neonatal seizures: A mother's blessing in disguise.
Risk factors for metabolic bone disease of prematurity in very/extremely low birth weight infants: a multicenter investigation in China.
Summary: Risk factors for metabolic bone disease of prematurity in very/extremely low birth weight infants: a multicenter investigation in China.
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Two seriously ill neonates born to mothers with COVID-19 pneumonia- a case report.
Summary: Two seriously ill neonates born to mothers with COVID-19 pneumonia- a case report.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: December 10, 2021
Published By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Doyle DA. Hormones and peptides of calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 588.

Escobar O, Gurtunca N, Viswanathan P, Witchel SF. Pediatric endocrinology. In: Zitelli BJ, McIntire SC, Nowalk AJ, Garrison J, eds. Zitelli and Davis' Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 9.