Gestational Age Versus Nasal-tragus Length for Estimating Endotracheal Tube Insertion Depth in Newborns - A Randomised Trial
Endotracheal intubation is a life-saving intervention that few infants need after birth. Although an endotracheal tube is the most reliable way of providing positive-pressure breath, the critical factor that determines the maximal efficacy of positive-pressure ventilation is the optimal placement of the endotracheal tube tip. There are various methods available to determine the initial depth of endotracheal tube (ETT) that are based on the infant's birth weight, gestational age, anthropometric measurements, and others include vocal cord guide and suprasternal palpation methods. The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) textbook, in its 7th edition of the textbook, recommends a gestational age chart and nasal-tragus length method for estimating endotracheal tube insertion depth during cardiopulmonary resuscitation of the neonate. The evidence to support these two methods is, however, limited. Hence, we designed this study to determine the accuracy of two methods, gestational age chart and nasal-tragus length method, recommended by the Neonatal Resuscitation Program.
• Infants (less than 28 days of life) between 23 weeks 0 days and 41 weeks 6 days gestational age
• Infants requiring oral intubation in the delivery room or in neonatal intensive care unit