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Last Updated: 09/18/2022

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Effect of Closed Tracheal Aspiration Associated With Expiratory Pause in Pediatrics: A Randomized, Crossover Clinical Study

Summary: Introduction: Patients on mechanical ventilation suffer alterations in the viscoelastic characteristics of the mucus due to changes in the humidity and temperature of the inhaled air and in the respiratory volumes and flows. The literature has pointed out the use of mechanical ventilators as a tool for mobilizing secretions and closed-system aspiration associated with expiratory pause has been sho...

The Effect of Perioperative Lung Ultrasonography on Postoperative Outcomes in Children Undergoing Fast-track Cardiac Surgery

Summary: The investigators evaluate the usefulness of lung ultrasonography in the perioperative period for postoperative outcomes in children undergoing fast track cardiac surgery.

Predictors for Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation Failure for Premature Infants With Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Summary: Non-invasive respiratory support methods have been widely used in premature babies with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) which has changed the basic management of premature babies in the early period. According to the 2019 European Guidelines on RDS management, early nasal CPAP is recommended as first-line therapy in infants <30 weeks of age who are at risk of RDS who do not require mechanical ...

Feasibility and Acceptability Followed by Effectiveness of Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (bCPAP) for Treatment of Children Aged 1-59 Months With Severe Pneumonia in Ethiopia: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Summary: Principal Investigator: Mohammod Jobayer Chisti~Research Protocol Title: Feasibility and Acceptability Followed by Effectiveness of Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (bCPAP) for Treatment of Children aged 1-59 months with Severe Pneumonia in Ethiopia: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial~Proposed start date: 1st July 2018, Estimated end date: 31st December 2022~Background: Feasi...

Gestational Age Versus Nasal-tragus Length for Estimating Endotracheal Tube Insertion Depth in Newborns - A Randomised Trial

Summary: Endotracheal intubation is a life-saving intervention that few infants need after birth. Although an endotracheal tube is the most reliable way of providing positive-pressure breath, the critical factor that determines the maximal efficacy of positive-pressure ventilation is the optimal placement of the endotracheal tube tip. There are various methods available to determine the initial depth of en...

Detection of Atelectasis or Pneumothorax and Resolution With Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) in Newborn Infants

Summary: To validate the benefits of recognizing asymmetric lung disease like atelectasis and pneumothorax in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome using electrical impedance tomography

Point-of-Care Ultrasound for Pediatric Thoracic Trauma: A Multi-Institutional Trial

Summary: The objective of the proposed study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of ED POCUS in pediatric traumatic thoracic injuries including traumatic pneumothorax, hemothorax, lung contusion, rib fractures, and pulmonary edema (from submersion injury). This will be a prospective, multicenter, observational study of children 0-21 years of age presenting to the participating pediatric emergency dep...

Surfactant for Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome at High Altitude Areas:a Prospective Cohort Study

Summary: The traditional concept believes that the etiology of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is immature development of lung,especially the surfactant synthesis system,and RDS is still one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in newborns, especially premature infants.In recent years, using pulmonary surfactant replacement therapy (PS treatment) in the treatment of respiratory distr...
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Last Updated: 09/18/2022