Evaluation of Short Term Outcome of Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection (STARR) for ODS (Obstructed Defecation Syndrome) by Comparing Pre and Post-operative ODS Score.
Summary: This study assessed the outcome of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in the treatment of patients with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS).
Conclusion: In patients with obstructed defecation syndrome, treatment with stapled transanal rectal resection is effective.
Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is a common anorectal problem and it can be corrected by various surgical approaches but most of these have high recurrence and complication rates. Antonio Longo introduced Stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in 2003 as a minimally invasive transanal operation for correction ODS associated with rectocele and or rectal intussusception. This study was designed to assess the short term outcome of Stapled Transanal Rectal Resection (STARR) as a surgical treatment of Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS). This is a quasi experimental study which was carried out in the department of Colorectal Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from May 2016 to June 2017. Seventeen (17) patients were included in the study. Patients with obstructed defecation syndrome and rectocele and or rectal intussusception admitted in the department of Colorectal Surgery were enrolled in the study as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. History, clinical examination, Proctoscopy, Colonoscopy and MR Defecography was done for evaluation of the patients. During evaluation preoperative Longo's ODS score of every patient also determined and compared with postoperative ODS score. The patient was followed up regularly at one, three and six months after each operation. The ODS score in 82.35% patients improved significantly. The postoperative score was high (13-15) only in 02(11.8%) patients probably due to presence of physiological factors. Post-operative defecatory urgency was developed in only 02(11.76%) patients. Major postoperative complication like hemorrhage or rectovaginal fistula did not develop in any patient. STARR is an effective, less invasive and simple procedure for the treatment of ODS with rectocele and/or rectal intussusception without major morbidity but other physiological causes of ODS should exclude preoperatively because its presence makes the surgical intervention fruitless.