SMAD4 Germline Pathogenic Variant-Related Gastric Juvenile Polyposis with Adenocarcinoma Treated with Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy: A Case Report.

Journal: The American Journal of Case Reports
Abstract

BACKGROUND Juvenile polyposis syndrome is an uncommon, autosomal-dominant hereditary disease that is distinguished by multiple polyps in the stomach or intestinal tract. It is associated with a high risk of malignancy. Pathogenic variants in SMAD4 or BMPR1A account for 40% of all cases. CASE REPORT A 49-year-old woman underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy because of exacerbation of anemia. She had numerous erythematous polyps in most parts of her stomach. Based on biopsy findings, juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) was suspected morphologically, but there was no evidence of malignancy. Colonoscopy showed stemmed hyperplastic polyps and an adenoma; video capsule endoscopy revealed no lesions in the small intestine. After preoperative surveillance, laparoscopic total gastrectomy with D1 lymph node dissection was performed to prevent malignant transformation. The pathological diagnosis was juvenile polyp-like polyposis with adenocarcinoma. In addition, a germline pathogenic variant in the SMAD4 gene was detected with genetic testing. CONCLUSIONS JPS can be diagnosed with endoscopy and genetic testing. Further, appropriate surgical management may prevent cancer-related death in patients with this condition.

Authors
Yuya Sakurai, atoru Kikuchi, unitoshi Shigeyasu, oshihiko Kakiuchi, akehiro Tanaka, ibiki Umeda, asaki Sakamoto, ho Takeda, huya Yano, ashu Futagawa, umino Kato, eimi Sogawa, ideki Yamamoto, hinji Kuroda, oshitaka Kondo, uminori Teraishi, iroyuki Kishimoto, asahiko Nishizaki, hunsuke Kagawa, kira Hirasawa, oshiyoshi Fujiwara

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