Overview: The study researched the outcomes of eosinophilic temporal arteritis and digital ischemia in a patient with hypereosinophilic syndrome.
Conclusion: Low-dose corticosteroid improved the temporal artery swelling and digital cyanosis.
We describe a case of eosinophilic temporal arteritis in a 61-year-old woman with hypereosinophilic syndrome, who developed subcutaneous nodules in the temporal areas and digital cyanosis with small nodules on the sides of her fingers. Ultrasound revealed occlusion and corkscrew-like changes of the temporal and digital arteries, respectively. Temporal artery biopsy revealed eosinophilic vasculitis without giant cell formation. Angiography showed occlusion of the ulnar and digital arteries. Administration of low-dose corticosteroid improved the temporal artery swelling and digital cyanosis. More reports of similar cases are required to characterize this type of non-giant cell eosinophilic vasculitis that affects the peripheral arteries.