Learn About Laryngitis

What is the definition of Laryngitis?

Laryngitis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the voice box (larynx). The problem is most often associated with hoarseness or loss of voice.

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What are the alternative names for Laryngitis?

Hoarseness - laryngitis

What are the causes of Laryngitis?

The voice box (larynx) is located at the top of the airway to the lungs (trachea). The larynx contains the vocal cords. When the vocal cords become inflamed or infected, they swell. This can cause hoarseness. Sometimes, the airway can get blocked.

The most common form of laryngitis is an infection caused by a virus. It may also be caused by:

  • Allergies
  • Bacterial infection
  • Bronchitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Injury
  • Irritants and chemicals

Laryngitis often occurs with an upper respiratory infection, which is typically caused by a virus.

Several forms of laryngitis occur in children that can lead to dangerous or fatal respiratory blockage. These forms include:

  • Croup
  • Epiglottitis
What are the symptoms of Laryngitis?

Symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Hoarseness
  • Swollen lymph nodes or glands in the neck
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What are the current treatments for Laryngitis?

Common laryngitis is often caused by a virus, so antibiotics likely will not help. Your health care provider will make this decision.

Resting your voice helps to reduce inflammation of the vocal cords. A humidifier may soothe the scratchy feeling that comes with laryngitis. Decongestants and pain medicines may relieve the symptoms of an upper respiratory infection.

Who are the top Laryngitis Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

Duke Raleigh Hospital

Raleigh, NC 

Seth Cohen is an Otolaryngologist in Raleigh, North Carolina. Dr. Cohen has been practicing medicine for over 22 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Laryngitis. He is also highly rated in 14 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Spasmodic Dysphonia, Perichondritis, Laryngitis, and Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis. He is board certified in Otolaryngology and licensed to treat patients in North Carolina. Dr. Cohen is currently accepting new patients.

Highly rated in

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Baltimore, MD 

Lee Akst is an Otolaryngologist in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Akst has been practicing medicine for over 23 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Laryngitis. He is also highly rated in 25 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Laryngitis, Spasmodic Dysphonia, Perichondritis, and Throat Cancer. He is board certified in Otolaryngology and licensed to treat patients in Maryland, Massachusetts, and Illinois. Dr. Akst is currently accepting new patients.

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Highly rated in

Fleury Medicina E Saúde Laboratórios De Diagnóstico

Sao Paulo, SP, BR 

Claudia Eckley is in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Eckley is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Laryngitis. She is also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Laryngitis, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Croup, and Perichondritis.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Laryngitis?

Laryngitis that is not caused by a serious condition often gets better on its own.

What are the possible complications of Laryngitis?

In rare cases, severe respiratory distress develops. This requires immediate medical attention.

When should I contact a medical professional for Laryngitis?

Call your provider if:

  • A small child who is not teething has difficulty breathing, swallowing, or is drooling
  • A child less than 3 months old has hoarseness
  • Hoarseness has lasted for more than 1 week in a child, or 2 weeks in an adult
How do I prevent Laryngitis?

To prevent getting laryngitis:

  • Try to avoid people who have upper respiratory infections during cold and flu season.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • DO NOT strain your voice.
  • Stop smoking. This can help prevent tumors of the head and neck or lungs, which can lead to hoarseness.
Throat anatomy
What are the latest Laryngitis Clinical Trials?
Method of Early Diagnosis of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux in an Outpatient Appointment of an Otorhinolaryngologist
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Pilotonderzoek Naar Het Gebruik Van Telemedicine Bij Het Beoordelen Van Het Benauwde Kind in de Huisartsenpraktijk English: The Use of Telemedicine in the General Practitioners Office for a Child With Respiratory Symptoms: a Pilot Study
What are the Latest Advances for Laryngitis?
Medicinal products in the treatment and prevention of occupational diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Croup and COVID-19 in a child: a case report and literature review.
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Geography as a Determinant of Health: Health Services Utilization of Pediatric Respiratory Illness in a Canadian Province.
What are our references for Laryngitis?

Allen CT, Nussenbaum B, Merati AL. Acute and chronic laryngopharyngitis. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 61.

Flint PW. Throat disorders. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 401.

Rodrigues KK, Roosevelt GE. Acute inflammatory upper airway obstruction (croup, epiglottitis, laryngitis, and bacterial tracheitis). In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier;2020:chap 412.