BREAST CANCER-RELATED LYMPHEDEMA: INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS, PREVENTIVE MEASURES AND TREATMENTS.

Journal: Harefuah
Treatment Used: Lymphovenous Anastomosis and Vascularized Lymph Node Transfer
Number of Patients: 26
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: The study researched the use of Lymphovenous anastomosis and vascularized lymph node transfer for breast cancer related lymphedema.

Conclusion: Lymphovenous anastomosis and vascularized lymph node transfer offer promising solutions for the treatment of breast cancer related lymphedema.

Abstract

Lymphedema is a pathological condition in which intercellular protein-rich fluid accumulates and leads over time to inflammation, adipose tissue hypertrophy and fibrosis. Secondary lymphedema is caused by injury or blockage of the lymphatic system and the main cause in the Western world is the treatment of a variety of cancers, the main one being breast cancer. Chronic arm edema after breast cancer surgery is a common problem with an estimated incidence of 1 in 5 patients after breast cancer treatment. In this article we review the main risk factors, approaches to reducing the risk of developing lymphedema after treatment for breast cancer and existing treatment protocols for lymphedema including the surgical innovations in this field and our experience in these innovative surgical approaches. To date, 26 physiological surgeries have been performed at the Tel Aviv Medical Center using the microsurgical approach for treating lymphedema. These surgeries had no significant complications and the improvement was observed to be greater in the group of patients with secondary lymphedema. Lymphovenous anastomosis and vascularized lymph node transfer offer promising solutions for the treatment of breast cancer related lymphedema. The introduction of additional techniques and the refinement of these procedures will probably continue to improve the results in the future.

Authors
Daniel Kedar, Ravit Yanko, Yoav Barnea, Amir Inbal, Ehud Fliss, Arik Zaretski

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