Learn About Male Pattern Baldness

What is the definition of Male Pattern Baldness?

Male pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss in men.

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What are the alternative names for Male Pattern Baldness?

Alopecia in men; Baldness - male; Hair loss in men; Androgenetic alopecia

What are the causes of Male Pattern Baldness?

Male pattern baldness is related to your genes and male sex hormones. It usually follows a pattern of receding hairline and hair thinning on the crown.

Each strand of hair sits in a tiny hole (cavity) in the skin called a follicle. Generally, baldness occurs when the hair follicle shrinks over time, resulting in shorter and finer hair. Eventually, the follicle does not grow new hair. The follicles remain alive, which suggests that it is still possible to grow new hair.

What are the symptoms of Male Pattern Baldness?

The typical pattern of male baldness begins at the hairline. The hairline gradually moves backward (recedes) and forms an "M" shape. A circular area on the back of the head (vertex) often thins and expands in size over time. Eventually the hair becomes finer, shorter, and thinner, and creates a U-shaped (or horseshoe) pattern of hair around the sides of the head and a bald area on the back of the head.

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What are the current treatments for Male Pattern Baldness?

Treatment is not necessary if you are comfortable with your appearance. Hair weaving, hairpieces, or change of hairstyle may disguise the hair loss. This is usually the least expensive and safest approach for male baldness.

Medicines that treat male pattern baldness include:

  • Minoxidil (Rogaine), a solution that is applied directly to the scalp to stimulate the hair follicles. It slows hair loss for many men, and some men grow new hair. Hair loss returns when you stop using this medicine.
  • Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar), a pill that interferes with the production of a highly active form of testosterone that is linked to baldness. It slows hair loss. It works slightly better than minoxidil. Hair loss returns when you stop using this medicine.
  • Dutasteride is similar to finasteride but may be more effective.

Other treatments that are being investigated include:

  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injected into the scalp to stimulate hair growth. This involves drawing your blood, collecting a portion that is rich in platelets, and injecting the areas of hair loss over a series of sessions.
  • Hair transplants consist of removing tiny plugs of hair from areas where the hair is continuing to grow and placing them in areas that are balding. The procedure usually requires multiple sessions and may be expensive.
  • The use of laser or light caps or helmets to stimulate hair follicles.

Suturing hair pieces to the scalp is not recommended. It can result in scars, infections, and abscess of the scalp. The use of hair implants made of artificial fibers was banned by the FDA because of the high rate of infection.

Who are the top Male Pattern Baldness Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
14
conditions
Dermatology

NYU Dermatologic Associates

New York, NY 

Jerry Shapiro is a Dermatologist in New York, New York. Dr. Shapiro is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Male Pattern Baldness. He is also highly rated in 14 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Male Pattern Baldness, Female Pattern Baldness, Autosomal Recessive Hypotrichosis, and Alopecia Areata. He is licensed to treat patients in New York.

Elite
Highly rated in
12
conditions
Dermatology

University Of Minnesota Physicians

Minneapolis, MN 

Maria Hordinsky is a Dermatologist in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Dr. Hordinsky has been practicing medicine for over 46 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Male Pattern Baldness. She is also highly rated in 12 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Alopecia Areata, Autosomal Recessive Hypotrichosis, Female Pattern Baldness, and Male Pattern Baldness. She is board certified in Dermatology and licensed to treat patients in Minnesota. Dr. Hordinsky is currently accepting new patients.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
16
conditions

Clinical Research Center For Hair And Skin Science

Berlin, BE, DE 

Ulrike Peytavi-Blume is in Berlin, Germany. Peytavi-Blume is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Male Pattern Baldness. She is also highly rated in 16 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Female Pattern Baldness, Male Pattern Baldness, Autosomal Recessive Hypotrichosis, and Alopecia Areata.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Male Pattern Baldness?

Male pattern baldness does not indicate a medical disorder, but it may affect self-esteem or cause anxiety. The hair loss is usually permanent.

When should I contact a medical professional for Male Pattern Baldness?

Call your health care provider if:

  • Your hair loss occurs in an atypical pattern, including rapid hair loss, widespread shedding, hair loss in patches, or hair breakage.
  • Your hair loss occurs with itching, skin irritation, redness, scaling, pain, or other symptoms.
  • Your hair loss begins after starting a medicine.
  • You want to treat your hair loss.
How do I prevent Male Pattern Baldness?
Male pattern baldness
Hair follicle
What are the latest Male Pattern Baldness Clinical Trials?
Lactobacillus Plantarum TCI999 in the Efficacy Verification Program of Hair and Body Health Care
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Efficacy of Fractional CO2 Laser Alone and as Transepidermal Drug Delivery for Different Modalities of Treatment in Alopecia Areata
What are the Latest Advances for Male Pattern Baldness?
Assessment of the effects of a hair lotion in women with acute telogen effluvium: a randomized controlled study.
Novel Application of Light-Emitting Diode Therapy in the Treatment of Eyebrow Loss in Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia.
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Infigratinib (BGJ398) in previously treated patients with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements: mature results from a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study.
What are our references for Male Pattern Baldness?

Dinulos JGH. Hair diseases. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 24.

Fisher J. Hair restoration. In: Rubin JP, Neligan PC, eds. Plastic Surgery, Volume 2: Aesthetic Surgery. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 21.

Hesseler MJ, Shyam N. Platelet-rich plasma and its utilities in alopecia: a systematic review. Dermatol Surg. 2020;46(1):93-102. PMID: 31211715 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31211715/.

Sperling LC, Sinclair RD, El Shabrawi-Caelen L. Alopecias. In: Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L, eds. Dermatology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 69.

Torres AE, Lim HW. Photobiomodulation for the management of hair loss. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2021;37(2):91-98. PMID: 33377535 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33377535/.