Zanubrutinib monotherapy in relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Summary: This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of zanubrutinib in the treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Conclusion: In patients with relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma, treatment with zanubrutinib may be safe and beneficial.
Outcomes for marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) remain suboptimal, owing to the limited number of approved agents and the incurable nature of the diseases. BGB-3111-AU-003 was a phase 1/2, open-label, multicenter, single-agent study of the selective Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor zanubrutinib in 385 patients with B-cell malignancies. Here, we present safety and efficacy outcomes for the 53 enrolled patients with relapsed/refractory MZL (n = 20) and relapsed/refractory FL (n = 33), all of whom were enrolled during the Part 2 dose expansion, and therefore received zanubrutinib at the recommended phase 2 dose. Treatment with zanubrutinib was generally well tolerated, with most adverse events being ≤grade 2. Atrial fibrillation/flutter was not reported. Two patients required dose reduction, and 4 patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events. Response was assessed by an independent review committee (IRC) for MZL and the investigators for FL, per Lugano 2014 classification for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In patients with MZL, the overall response rate (ORR) was 80%, and complete response (CR) rate was 20%. With median follow-up of 33.8 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) was not reached. In patients with FL, the ORR was 36.4%, and the CR rate was 18.2%. After a median follow-up of 33.9 months, median PFS was 10.4 months. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest a favorable benefit-risk profile and support zanubrutinib as a potentially meaningful addition to available therapies for patients with relapsed/refractory MZL and FL. This study is registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02343120).