Ceftobiprole activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens causing bone and joint infections in the United States from 2016 to 2020.
Summary: This study evaluated the effects of ceftobiprole in patients with bone and joint infections (BJIs).
Conclusion: Ceftobiprole exhibited potent activity against gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens causing bone and joint infections.
Bone and joint infections (BJIs) present significant treatment challenges. Ceftobiprole, a broad-spectrum cephalosporin with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, is approved in many European and other countries for the treatment of adults with community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia, excluding ventilator-associated pneumonia. In this study, the in vitro activity of ceftobiprole and comparators was evaluated against clinical isolates collected from BJIs in the USA from 2016 to 2020. Gram-positive pathogens made up 70.6% of all BJI isolates and included S. aureus (47.4% of all isolates), β-hemolytic streptococci, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and Enterococcus faecalis. Ceftobiprole was highly active against S. aureus (MIC50/90 values, 0.5/1 mg/L; 99.6% susceptible using the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing susceptibility breakpoint of ≤2 mg/L for the treatment of pneumonia patients) and exhibited potent activity against the other Gram-positive cocci and the predominant BJI Gram-negative groups. These results support the further evaluation of ceftobiprole for this potential indication.