Management of neurofibromatosis type 2 and schwannomatosis associated peripheral and intraspinal schwannomas: influence of surgery, genetics, and localization.

Journal: Journal Of Neuro-Oncology
Treatment Used: Surgery
Number of Patients: 205
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: This study investigated treatment outcomes for patients with peripheral and intraspinal schwannomas (benign tumors).

Conclusion: In patients with peripheral and intraspinal schwannomas (benign tumors), treatment with surgery is safe and effective.

Abstract

Background: Peripheral and intraspinal schwannomas are common and clinically complex pathologies in patients with Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) and Schwannomatosis (SWNT). Functional preservation and pain relief are the major goals in treating these tumors.

Methods: This retrospective observational study investigates the clinical and functional outcome of 205 operated peripheral (n = 148, 72%) and intraspinal (n = 57, 28%) schwannomas in 85 patients (53 NF2, 32 SWNT) treated at our department between 2006 and 2017. Associated factors such as genetics, age, and location were evaluated.

Results: Persisting drug-resistant pain was the most common symptom (84%, n = 173) and indication for surgery (54%, n = 110). Improvement in pain intensity was postoperatively seen in 81%. Peripheral nerve schwannomas exhibited worse pain intensity preoperatively compared to intraspinal lesions (p = 0.017 NF2, p = 0.029 SWNT). More total resections could be achieved in 93% of SWNT vs. 82% of NF2-associated tumors, p = 0.030). NF2 patients with intraspinal lesions were more neurologically affected (p < 0.05). Perioperative comparison of both tumor syndromes showed more neurological deficits (p = 0.027), and less pain (p = 0.024) in NF2-associated tumors. Mosaic NF2 patients had worse pain levels before surgery, and SWNT patients had a worse neurological function and more pain compared to non-mosaic or non-mutated cases.

Conclusions: Resection of peripheral and intraspinal schwannomas is an effective and low-risk treatment in both NF2 and SWNT. Patients with severe pain have a particular benefit from surgical treatment. Intraspinal lesions are associated with worse neurological function whereas peripheral lesions showed a higher pain intensity. The influence of mutations needs to be further investigated in larger cohorts.

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